Relationship between network structure and ultimate properties in polyurethane during a chain scission process

Type Article
Date 2022-07
Language English
Author(s) Taourit Sabrina1, 2, 3, Le Gac Pierre YvesORCID1, Fayolle Bruno3
Affiliation(s) 1 : Ifremer, Marine Structures Laboratory, Centre de Brest, BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France
2 : Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI), P.O. Box 902, 5600 AX Eindhoven, the Netherlands
3 : PIMM, Arts et Metiers Institute of Technology, CNRS, Cnam, HESAM University, 151 Boulevard de l'Hopital 75013 Paris, France
Source Polymer Degradation And Stability (0141-3910) (Elsevier BV), 2022-07 , Vol. 201 , P. 109971 (7p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2022.109971
WOS© Times Cited 7
Keyword(s) Polyurethane, Hydrolysis, Structure/properties relationships, Tensile behaviour

To investigate the impact of chain scission on the tensile properties of elastomers, a polyester-based polyurethane was aged in seawater at several temperatures ranging from 40 °C to 90 °C. Before the hydrolysis process, water diffusion was first characterized and described by Fickian behaviour. In terms of temperature dependence, both mass at saturation and water diffusivity followed Arrhenius behaviour. For ageing durations that exceed saturation time, ester bond hydrolysis occurs and leads to chain scission within the polymer network. This chain scission rate could be described using a first-order reaction and followed Arrhenius behaviour with an activation energy of 71 kJ/mol. From a mechanical point of view, hydrolysis leads to large changes in both stress and strain at break. A gradual decrease in stress at break was observed for all ageing temperatures. Nevertheless, strain at break first increases during ageing and then drops off when the crosslink density is below a critical value of 1.25 kg/mol. After considering more than 30 ageing conditions, relationships between the average crosslink density and these ultimate properties were proposed and discussed here.

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