Characterization of gas‐bearing sediments in coastal environment using geophysical and geotechnical data

Type Article
Date 2022-10
Language English
Author(s) Dusart JudithORCID1, 2, Tarits Pascal1, 2, Fabre Maud1, Marsset Bruno3, Jouet Gwenael3, Ehrhold AxelORCID3, Riboulot VincentORCID3, Baltzer Agnes4
Affiliation(s) 1 : European Institute for Marine Studies (IUEM) ,Plouzané , France
2 : Mappem Geophysics SAS Saint‐Renan , France
3 : Ifremer, Plouzané , France
4 : University of Nantes, Lab Geolittomer Nantes 3, France
Source Near Surface Geophysics (1569-4445) (Wiley), 2022-10 , Vol. 20 , N. 5 , P. 478-493
DOI 10.1002/nsg.12230
Keyword(s) electrical resistivity tomography, modelling, porosity, seismics, shallow marine

Seismic investigation in marine gas-bearing sediments fails to get information below the acoustic mask created by free gas. To circumvent this problem, we combined collocated multichannel ultra-high resolution seismic imaging, marine electrical resistivity tomography (MERT) and core sampling to study the physical properties of gas-bearing sediments in the Bay of Concarneau (France). We obtained sections of compression (P-) wave velocitvalues where free gas was identified in seismic data. We tested a joint processing workflow combining the 1D inversion of the MERT data with the 2D P-wave velocity through a structural coupling between resistivity and velocity. We obtained a series of 2D resistivity models fitting the data whilst in agreement with. The resulting models showed the continuity of the geological units below the acoustic gas fronts which is associated with paleo-valley sediment infilling. We were able to demonstrate relationships between resistivity and velocity differing from superficial to deeper sediments. We established these relationships at the geophysical scale then compared the results to data from core sampliand porosity). We inferred the porosity distribution from the MERT data. At the core locations, we observed a good agreement between this geophysical scale porosity and the core data both within and outside the gas-bearing sediments. This agreement demonstrated that resistivity could be used as a proxy for porosity where no was available below gas caps. In these regions, the observed low resistivity showed a high porosity (60-70%) down to about 10–20 m in depth in contrast with the surrounding medium with porosity less than 55%. These results support the hypothesis that failures inside the paleo-valley sediment could control the gas migration

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Dusart Judith, Tarits Pascal, Fabre Maud, Marsset Bruno, Jouet Gwenael, Ehrhold Axel, Riboulot Vincent, Baltzer Agnes (2022). Characterization of gas‐bearing sediments in coastal environment using geophysical and geotechnical data. Near Surface Geophysics, 20(5), 478-493. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :