Building leaders for the UN Ocean Science Decade: a guide to supporting early career women researchers within academic marine research institutions

Type Article
Date 2023-01
Language English
Author(s) Shellock R JORCID1, Cvitanovic CORCID1, 2, McKinnon M C1, Mackay M2, 3, Van putten I EORCID2, 3, Blythe J4, Kelly R2, 5, Tuohy P1, 2, Maltby K M6, Mynott SORCID2, 7, Simmonds N8, Bailey MORCID9, Begossi AORCID10, 11, 12, Crona B13, 14, Fakoya K A15, Ferreira B P16, Ferrer A J G17, Frangoudes Katia18, Gobin J19, Goh H C20, Haapasaari P21, 22, Hardesty B D2, 3, Häussermann VORCID23, Hoareau K5, 24, Hornidge A-K25, Isaacs M26, Kraan MORCID27, 28, Li YORCID29, Liu M30, Lopes P F M31, Mlakar M32, Morrison T H33, Oxenford H A34, Pecl GORCID2, 5, Penca J35, Robinson CORCID36, Selim S A37, 38, Skern-Mauritzen M39, Soejima K40, Soto D41, Spalding A K42, 43, 44, Vadrot AORCID45, Vaidianu N46, 47, Webber M48, Wisz M S49
Affiliation(s) 1 : Australian National Centre for the Public Awareness of Science, Australian National University , Canberra ACT 2601 , Australia
2 : Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania , Hobart, TAS 7005 , Australia
3 : CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, CSIRO , Hobart, TAS 7001 , Australia
4 : Environmental Sustainability Research Centre, Brock University , St. Catharines, ON , Canada
5 : Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania , Private Bag 49, Hobart, TAS 7001 , Australia
6 : Gulf of Maine Research Institute , Portland, ME 04101 , USA
7 : University of Victoria , Victoria, BC V8P 5C2 , Canada
8 : University of Aberdeen , Aberdeenshire, AB24 3FX , UK
9 : Marine Affairs Program, Dalhousie University , Halifax, NS B3H 4R2 , Canada
10 : NEPA (Núcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas em Alimentação), Universidade Estadual de Campinas , Av.Albert Einstein, Campinas, SP 13083-970 , Brazil
11 : Fisheries and Food Institute – FIFO Av. Lucio Costa , 3150/1312, bloco 1, Barra da Tijuca, RJ 22620-904 , Brazil
12 : Graduate Group, Unisanta , 12 R. Ce Santos, SPsário Mota 08, CEP 11045-40 , Brazil
13 : Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University , 114 19 Stockholm , Sweden
14 : Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Science , Stockholm , Sweden
15 : Lagos State University , LASU Main Rd, Ojo 102101, Lagos , Nigeria
16 : Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Oceanography Department , Av. Arquitetura S/N, Recife, PE 50670-420 , Brazil
17 : Division of Social Sciences, University of the Philippines Visayas , Miagao, 5023 Iloilo , Philippines
18 : University of Brest , Ifremer, CNRS, UMR 6308 AMURE, IUEM, Plouzané , France
19 : Department of Life Sciences, The University of the West Indies , St. Augustine Campus , Trinidad and Tobago
20 : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Malaya , 50603 Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia
21 : Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki , Viikinkaari 1, 00014, Helsinki , Finland
22 : Faculty of Law, University of Lapland , Yliopistonkatu 8, 96300 Rovaniemi , Finland
23 : Facultad de Recursos Naturales, Escuela de Ciencias del Mar, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso , Valparaiso, Avda.Brasil 2950 , Chile
24 : University of Seychelles James Michel Blue Economy Research Institute , Anse Royale , Seychelles
25 : German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS) and Institute of Political Sciences and Sociology, University of Bonn , Tulpenfeld 6, 53113 Bonn , Germany
26 : Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies (PLAAS), University of the Western Cape , Robert Sobukwe Rd, Bellville, Cape Town, 7535 , South Africa
27 : Wageningen Economic Research, Wageningen University and Research , Pr. Beatrixlaan 582-528, 2595 BM Den Haag , Netherlands
28 : Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University and Research , Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN, Wageningen , Netherlands
29 : School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University , 3-20-1 Orido, Shimizu-Ku, Shizuoka , Japan
30 : State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science and College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University , 422 Siming S Rd, Siming District, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 , China
31 : Department of Ecology, Fishing Ecology, Management and Economics group, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte , Lagoa Nova, Natal - RN 59078-970 , Brazil
32 : Ruđer Bošković Institute, Division for Marine and Environmental Research , Bijenička 54, 10 000 Zagreb , Croatia
33 : ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University , Townsville, 6 Shields Street Cairns, QLD 4870 , Australia
34 : Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies (CERMES), University of the West Indies , Cave Hill Campus, BB11000 , Barbados
35 : Euro-Mediterranean University (EMUNI) , Kidričevo nabrežje 2, 6630 Piran , Slovenia
36 : Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia , Norwich NR4 7TJ , UK
37 : Social-Ecological Systems Analysis, Social Science Department, Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT) , Bremen Fahrenheitstraße 6, 28359 Bremen , Germany
38 : Center for Sustainable Development, University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh (ULAB) , 688 Beribadh Road, Dhaka 1207 , Bangladesh
39 : Institute of Marine Research , P.O. Box 1870 Nordnes, Bergen 5817 , Norway
40 : Department of Agri-food Business, Faculty of Agriculture, Setsunan University , Hirakata, Osaka 573-0101 , Japan
41 : Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR) , Puerto Montt 5110566 , Chile
42 : School of Public Policy, Oregon State University , Corvallis, OR 97331 , USA
43 : Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute , Panama City , Panama
44 : Coiba Research Station (COIBA-AIP) , Panama City , Panama
45 : Department of Political Science, University of Vienna , Kolingasse 14–16, Vienna , Austria
46 : Faculty of Natural Sciences and Agricultural Sciences, Ovidius University of Constanta , Constanta 900527 , Romania
47 : Interdisciplinary Center for Advanced Research on Territorial Dynamics, University of Bucharest , Bucuresti 030018 , Romania
48 : Centre for Marine Sciences, University of the West Indies , Kingston , Jamaica
49 : Sasakawa Global Ocean Institute, World Maritime University , Malmö , Sweden
Source Ices Journal Of Marine Science (1054-3139) (Oxford University Press (OUP)), 2023-01 , Vol. 80 , N. 1 , P. 56-75
DOI 10.1093/icesjms/fsac214
WOS© Times Cited 1
Keyword(s) diversity, ECR, academia, equality, equity, gender, marine science, perspectives, STEM, inclusion, early career researcher
Abstract

Diverse and inclusive marine research is paramount to addressing ocean sustainability challenges in the 21st century, as envisioned by the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. Despite increasing efforts to diversify ocean science, women continue to face barriers at various stages of their career, which inhibits their progression to leadership within academic institutions. In this perspective, we draw on the collective experiences of thirty-four global women leaders, bolstered by a narrative review, to identify practical strategies and actions that will help empower early career women researchers to become the leaders of tomorrow. We propose five strategies: (i) create a more inclusive culture, (ii) ensure early and equitable career development opportunities for women ECRs, (iii) ensure equitable access to funding for women ECRs, (iv) offer mentoring opportunities and, (v) create flexible, family-friendly environments. Transformational, meaningful, and lasting change will only be achieved through commitment and collaborative action across various scales and by multiple stakeholders.

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Shellock R J, Cvitanovic C, McKinnon M C, Mackay M, Van putten I E, Blythe J, Kelly R, Tuohy P, Maltby K M, Mynott S, Simmonds N, Bailey M, Begossi A, Crona B, Fakoya K A, Ferreira B P, Ferrer A J G, Frangoudes Katia, Gobin J, Goh H C, Haapasaari P, Hardesty B D, Häussermann V, Hoareau K, Hornidge A-K, Isaacs M, Kraan M, Li Y, Liu M, Lopes P F M, Mlakar M, Morrison T H, Oxenford H A, Pecl G, Penca J, Robinson C, Selim S A, Skern-Mauritzen M, Soejima K, Soto D, Spalding A K, Vadrot A, Vaidianu N, Webber M, Wisz M S (2023). Building leaders for the UN Ocean Science Decade: a guide to supporting early career women researchers within academic marine research institutions. Ices Journal Of Marine Science, 80(1), 56-75. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsac214 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00820/93187/