On Doppler Shifts of Breaking Waves

Type Article
Date 2023-04
Language English
Author(s) Yurovsky Yury Yu.ORCID1, 2, Kudryavtsev Vladimir N.ORCID1, 2, Grodsky Semyon A.ORCID3, Chapron BertrandORCID4
Affiliation(s) 1 : Applied Marine Physics Laboratory, Marine Hydrophysical Institute Russian Academy of Sciences, 2 Kapitanskaya, 299011 Sevastopol, Russia
2 : Satellite Oceanography Laboratory, Russian State Hydrometeorological University, 98 Malookhtinskiy, 195196 St. Petersburg, Russia
3 : Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
4 : Laboratoire d’Océanographie Physique Spatiale, Institut Français de Recherche pour l’Exploitation de la Mer, 29280 Plouzané, France
Source Remote Sensing (2072-4292) (MDPI AG), 2023-04 , Vol. 15 , N. 7 , P. 1824 (18p.)
DOI 10.3390/rs15071824
Note This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advancements in Remote Sensing for Ocean Current
Keyword(s) Doppler shift, Ka-band, backscattering, sea surface, wave breaking, whitecap

Field-tower-based observations were used to estimate the Doppler velocity of deep water plunging breaking waves. About 1000 breaking wave events observed by a synchronized video camera and dual-polarization Doppler continuous-wave Ka-band radar at incidence angles varying from 25 to 55 degrees and various azimuths were analyzed using computer vision methods. Doppler velocities (DVs) associated with breaking waves were, for the first time, directly compared to whitecap optical velocities measured as the line-of-sight projection of the whitecap velocity vector (LOV). The DV and LOV were found correlated; however, the DV was systematically less than the LOV with the ratio dependent on the incidence angle and azimuth. The largest DVs observed at up-wave and down-wave directions were accompanied by an increase of the cross-section polarization ratio, HH/VV, up to 1, indicating a non-polarized backscattering mechanism. The observed DV was qualitatively reproduced in terms of a combination of fast specular (coherent) and slow non-specular (incoherent) returns from two planar sides of an asymmetric wedge-shaped breaker. The difference in roughness and tilt between breaker sides (the front face was rougher than the rear face) explained the observed DV asymmetry and was consistent with previously reported mean sea surface Doppler centroid data and normalized radar cross-section measurements.

Full Text
File Pages Size Access
Publisher's official version 18 6 MB Open access
Top of the page