Expanding the scope and roles of social sciences and humanities to support integrated ecosystem assessments and ecosystem-based management

Type Article
Date 2024-01
Language English
Author(s) Tam Jamie C.1, Parlee Courtenay E.1, Campbell-Miller Jill1, Bellanger Manuel2, Bentley Jacob3, Pourfaraj Vahab1, Andrews Evan J.4, Eger Sondra L.1, Cook Adam M.1, Beaulieu Gabrielle5
Affiliation(s) 1 : Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Maritimes Region, 1 Challenger Dr, Dartmouth, NS, B2Y 4A2, Canada
2 : Ifremer, UMR 6308 Amure Rue Dumont d’Urville, 29 280 Plouzané, France
3 : Natural England, Nobel House, 17 Smith Square, London SW1P 3JR , UK
4 : Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1C 5S7, Canada
5 : Parks Canada Agency, 1869 Upper Water St. Halifax, NS, B3J 1S9, Canada
Source Ices Journal Of Marine Science (1054-3139) (Oxford university press), 2024-01 , Vol. 81 , N. 1 , P. 22-42
DOI 10.1093/icesjms/fsad172
Keyword(s) ecosystem based management, epistemological worldviews, human dimensions, integrated ecosystem assessments, social sciences and humanities
Abstract

Understanding social-ecological systems (SESs) is an important part of ecosystem-based management (EBM). One of the main decision support frameworks to develop scientific advice for EBM is integrated ecosystem assessments (IEAs). Human dimensions in SESs are primarily captured through indicators derived from three social sciences: economics, anthropology, and sociology. The breadth of social sciences and humanities (SSH) research is much greater than those three fields, but they are generally underused in natural science-based decision support processes such as IEAs. Greater contributions of SSHs can enhance IEAs through various direct (e.g. to develop indicators) and indirect ways (e.g. to establish and maintain ethical practices). We examine a wider range of SSH disciplines and conclude that scientific advice processes that inform EBM can benefit from broader integration of SSH theories and methods through themes of contextualizing, facilitating, communicating, evaluating, and anticipating. We see this an opportunity to both widen the vocabulary used to describe social scientists and those who work in humanities in IEAs, and apply the underlying worldviews used to conduct SSH research to fundamentally enhance the IEA process and to further progress in EBM.

Licence CC-BY
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How to cite 

Tam Jamie C., Parlee Courtenay E., Campbell-Miller Jill, Bellanger Manuel, Bentley Jacob, Pourfaraj Vahab, Andrews Evan J., Eger Sondra L., Cook Adam M., Beaulieu Gabrielle (2024). Expanding the scope and roles of social sciences and humanities to support integrated ecosystem assessments and ecosystem-based management. Ices Journal Of Marine Science, 81(1), 22-42. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsad172 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00859/97080/