|Author(s)||Cahu Chantal1, Gisbert Enric2, Villeneuve Laure A. N.1, Morais Sofia3, Hamza Neila4, Wold Per-Avid5, Zambonino-Infante Jose-Luis1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : IFREMER, Nutr Aquaculture & Genom Res Unit, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : IRTA St Carles Rapita, Unitat Cultius Expt, Tarragona, Spain.
3 : Univ Algarve, CCMAR, Ctr Marine Sci, Faro, Portugal.
4 : INSTM 28, Salammbo, Tunisia.
5 : Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Biol, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway.
|Source||Aquaculture Research (1355-557X) (Wiley / Blackwell), 2009-06 , Vol. 40 , N. 9 , P. 989-999|
|WOS© Times Cited||75|
|Keyword(s)||Gene regulation, Skeletal development, Digestive functions, Fish larvae, Phospholipid|
|Abstract||The aim of this paper is to provide explanations of how dietary phospholipid (PL) globally improves fish larval development, including growth and survival, digestive functions and skeletal development, and to propose optimal PL levels and sources in fish larval diets. Dietary incorporation of 8-12% PL related to dry matter (d.m.) promotes growth and enhanced survival in various species. Marine source PL, incorporating highly unsaturated fatty acids, was most efficient than soybean lecithin. This beneficial effect was explained by an enhancement in digestive functions, assessed by digestive enzyme activities and histomorphology. Nevertheless, 1.5-2.5% highly unsaturated fatty acids related to diet d.m. supplied by PL improved growth, survival and skeletal development, while 5% induced different skeletal deformities. The high incidence of deformities was associated with the down-regulation of genes involved in development, such as RXR alpha, RAR alpha, RAR beta and BMP-4, observed in the early stages in larvae fed a high highly unsaturated fatty acids level.|
Cahu Chantal, Gisbert Enric, Villeneuve Laure A. N., Morais Sofia, Hamza Neila, Wold Per-Avid, Zambonino-Infante Jose-Luis (2009). Influence of dietary phospholipids on early ontogenesis of fish. Aquaculture Research, 40(9), 989-999. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02190.x , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/6460/