Reconsidering the Consequences of Selective Fisheries

Type Article
Date 2012-03
Language English
Author(s) Garcia S.M.2, Kolding J.2, 3, Rice J.2, 4, Rochet Marie-Joelle1, Zhou S.5, Arimoto T.6, Beyer J. E.7, Borges L.8, Bundy A.9, Dunn D.10, Fulton E. A.11, Hall M.12, Heino M.13, 14, Law R.15, Makino M.2, 16, Rijnsdorp A. D.18, Simard Francois17, Smith A. D.M.11
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, F-44300 Nantes, France.
2 : IUCN, Fisheries Expert Grp, Commiss Ecosyst Management, Int Union Conservat Nat IUCN CEM, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium.
3 : Univ Bergen, Dept Biol, N-5020 Bergen, Norway.
4 : Fisheries & Oceans, Ottawa, ON K1A OE6, Canada.
5 : CSIRO, Marine & Atmospher Res, Brisbane, Qld 4001, Australia.
6 : Tokyo Univ Marine Sci & Technol, Tokyo 1088477, Japan.
7 : Danish Natl Inst Aquat Resources DTU Aqua, DK-2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark.
8 : FishFix, Brussels, Belgium.
9 : Bedford Inst Oceanog, Dartmouth, NS 83B 1A5, Canada.
10 : Duke Univ, Marine Geospatial Ecol Lab, Beaufort, NC 28516 USA.
11 : CSIRO Marine & Atmospher Res, Hobart, Tas 7000, Australia.
12 : Interamer Trop Tuna Commiss, La Jolla, CA 92037 USA.
13 : Inst Marine Res, N-5005 Bergen, Norway.
14 : Int Inst Appl Syst Anal, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria.
15 : Univ York, Dept Biol, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
16 : Fisheries Res Agcy, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2206115, Japan.
17 : IUCN, Global Marine Programme, CH-1196 Gland, Switzerland.
18 : Inst Marine Resources & Ecosyst Studies IMARES, NL-1976 Ijmuiden, Netherlands.
Source Science (0036-8075) (Amer Assoc Advancement Science), 2012-03 , Vol. 335 , N. 6072 , P. 1045-1047
DOI 10.1126/science.1214594
WOS© Times Cited 293
Abstract Concern about the impact of fishing on ecosystems and fisheries production is increasing (1, 2). Strategies to reduce these impacts while addressing the growing need for food security (3) include increasing selectivity (1, 2): capturing species, sexes, and sizes in proportions that differ from their occurrence in the ecosystem. Increasing evidence suggests that more selective fishing neither maximizes production nor minimizes impacts (4–7). Balanced harvesting would more effectively mitigate adverse ecological effects of fishing while supporting sustainable fisheries. This strategy, which challenges present management paradigms, distributes a moderate mortality from fishing across the widest possible range of species, stocks, and sizes in an eco-system, in proportion to their natural productivity (8), so that the relative size and species composition is maintained.


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Garcia S.M., Kolding J., Rice J., Rochet Marie-Joelle, Zhou S., Arimoto T., Beyer J. E., Borges L., Bundy A., Dunn D., Fulton E. A., Hall M., Heino M., Law R., Makino M., Rijnsdorp A. D., Simard Francois, Smith A. D.M. (2012). Reconsidering the Consequences of Selective Fisheries. Science, 335(6072), 1045-1047. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :