Origin and composition of sediment organic matter in a coastal semi-enclosed ecosystem: An elemental and isotopic study at the ecosystem space scale

Type Article
Date 2012-06
Language English
Author(s) Dubois S.1, Savoye N.1, Gremare Antoine1, Plus MartinORCID2, Charlier K.3, Beltoise A.1, Blanchet Hugues1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Bordeaux 1, CNRS, UMR EPOC 5805, Stn Marine Arcachon, F-33120 Arcachon, France.
2 : IFREMER, LER AR, F-33120 Arcachon, France.
3 : Univ Bordeaux 1, CNRS, UMR EPOC 5805, F-33405 Talence, France.
Source Journal Of Marine Systems (0924-7963) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2012-06 , Vol. 94 , P. 64-73
DOI 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2011.10.009
WOS© Times Cited 48
Keyword(s) Sediment organic matter, Primary producers, C and N stable isotopes, Zostera noltii, Arcachon Bay
Abstract The origin and composition of sediment organic matter (SOM) were investigated together with its spatial distribution in the Arcachon Bay - a macrotidal lagoon that shelters the largest Zostera noltii meadow in Europe - using elemental and isotopic ratios. Subtidal and intertidal sediments and primary producers were both sampled in April 2009. Their elemental and isotopic compositions were assessed. Relative contributions of each source to SOM were estimated using a mixing model. The SOM composition tended to be homogeneous over the whole ecosystem and reflected the high diversity of primary producers in this system. On average, SOM was composed of 25% of decayed phanerogams, 19% of microphytobenthos, 20% of phytoplankton, 19% of river SPOM and 17% of macroalgae. There was no evidence of anthropogenic N-sources and SOM was mainly of autochthonous origin. None of the tested environmental parameters - salinity, current speed, emersion, granulometry and chlorophyll a - nor a combination of them explained the low spatial variability of SOM composition and characteristics. Resuspension, mixing and redistribution of the different particulate organic matters by wind-induced and tidal currents in combination with shallow depth probably explain the observed homogeneity at the whole bay scale. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Dubois S., Savoye N., Gremare Antoine, Plus Martin, Charlier K., Beltoise A., Blanchet Hugues (2012). Origin and composition of sediment organic matter in a coastal semi-enclosed ecosystem: An elemental and isotopic study at the ecosystem space scale. Journal Of Marine Systems, 94, 64-73. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2011.10.009 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00073/18426/