Marine harmful algal blooms, human health and wellbeing: challenges and opportunities in the 21st century

Type Article
Date 2016-02
Language English
Author(s) Berdalet Elisa1, Fleming Lora E.2, Gowen Richard3, 4, Davidson Keith4, Hess PhilippORCID5, Backer Lorraine C.6, Moore Stephanie K.7, 8, Hoagland Porter9, Enevoldsen Henrik10
Affiliation(s) 1 : Inst Ciencies Mar CSIC, Passeig Maritim Barceloneta 37-49, Barcelona 08003, Catalonia, Spain.
2 : Univ Exeter, Sch Med, European Ctr Environm & Human Hlth, Truro TR1 3HD, Cornwall, England.
3 : Agri Food & Biosci Inst, Fisheries & Aquat Ecosyst Branch, Newforge Lane, Belfast BT9 5PX, Antrim, North Ireland.
4 : Scottish Marine Inst, Scottish Assoc Marine Sci SAMS, Oban PA37 1QA, Argyll, Scotland.
5 : IFREMER, Lab Phycotoxines, BP21105,Rue lIle Yeu, F-44311 Nantes 03, France.
6 : Natl Ctr Environm Hlth, 4770 Buford Highway NE,MS F-60, Chamblee, GA 30341 USA.
7 : Univ Corp Atmospher Res, Joint Off Sci Support, 2725 Montlake Blvd E, Seattle, WA 98112 USA.
8 : NOAA, NW Fisheries Sci Ctr, Natl Marine Fisheries Serv, 2725 Montlake Blvd E, Seattle, WA 98112 USA.
9 : Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Marine Policy Ctr, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
10 : Univ Copenhagen, UNESCO, Intergovt Oceanog Commiss, IOC Sci & Commun Ctr Harmful Algae, Univ Pk 4, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark.
Source Journal Of The Marine Biological Association Of The United Kingdom (0025-3154) (Cambridge Univ Press), 2016-02 , Vol. 96 , N. 1 , P. 61-91
DOI 10.1017/S0025315415001733
WOS© Times Cited 281
Note Special Issue 01 : Oceans and Human Health
Keyword(s) Harmful algal blooms, human health and wellbeing, marine biotoxins, ecosystem services
Abstract Microalgal blooms are a natural part of the seasonal cycle of photosynthetic organisms in marine ecosystems. They are key components of the structure and dynamics of the oceans and thus sustain the benefits that humans obtain from these aquatic environments. However, some microalgal blooms can cause harm to humans and other organisms. These harmful algal blooms (HABs) have direct impacts on human health and negative influences on human wellbeing, mainly through their consequences to coastal ecosystem services (fisheries, tourism and recreation) and other marine organisms and environments. HABs are natural phenomena, but these events can be favoured by anthropogenic pressures in coastal areas. Global warming and associated changes in the oceans could affect HAB occurrences and toxicity as well, although forecasting the possible trends is still speculative and requires intensive multidisciplinary research. At the beginning of the 21st century, with expanding human populations, particularly in coastal and developing countries, mitigating HABs impacts on human health and wellbeing is becoming a more pressing public health need. The available tools to address this global challenge include maintaining intensive, multidisciplinary and collaborative scientific research, and strengthening the coordination with stakeholders, policymakers and the general public. Here we provide an overview of different aspects of the HABs phenomena, an important element of the intrinsic links between oceans and human health and wellbeing.
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Berdalet Elisa, Fleming Lora E., Gowen Richard, Davidson Keith, Hess Philipp, Backer Lorraine C., Moore Stephanie K., Hoagland Porter, Enevoldsen Henrik (2016). Marine harmful algal blooms, human health and wellbeing: challenges and opportunities in the 21st century. Journal Of The Marine Biological Association Of The United Kingdom, 96(1), 61-91. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315415001733 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00296/40698/