The Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service Ocean State Report

Type Article
Date 2016-09
Language English
Author(s) Von Schuckmann Karina1, Le Traon Pierre-Yves1, 2, Alvarez-Fanjul Enrique3, Axell Lars4, Balmaseda Magdalena5, Breivik Lars-Anders6, Brewin Robert J. W.7, Bricaud Clement1, Drevillon Marie1, Drillet Yann1, Dubois Clotilde1, 8, Embury Owen9, Etienne Helene10, Garcia Sotillo Marcos3, Garric Gilles1, Gasparin Florent1, Gutknecht Elodie1, Guinehut Stephanie10, Hernandez Fabrice11, 12, Juza Melanie13, Karlson Bengt4, Korres Gerasimos14, Legeais Jean Francois10, Levier Bruno1, Lien Vidar S.15, Morrow Rosemary12, Notarstefano Giulio16, Parent Laurent1, Pascual Alvaro3, Perez-Gomez Begona3, Perruche Coralie1, Pinardi Nadia17, Pisano Andrea18, Poulain Pierre-Marie16, Pujol Isabelle M.10, Raj Roshin P.19, Raudsepp Urmas20, Roquet Herve21, Samuelsen Annette19, Sathyendranath Shubha7, She Jun22, Simoncelli Simona23, Solidoro Cosimo16, Tinker Jonathan24, Tintore Joaquin13, Viktorsson Lena25, Ablain Michael10, Almroth-Rosell Elin25, Bonaduce Antonio23, 26, Clementi Emanuela23, Cossarini Gianpiero16, Dagneaux Quentin10, Desportes Charles, Dye Stephen27, Fratianni Claudia23, Good Simon24, Greiner Eric1, Gourrion Jerome2, Hamon Mathieu1, Holt Jason28, Hyder Pat24, Kennedy John24, Manzano-Munoz Fernando3, Melet Angelique1, Meyssignac Benoit20, Mulet Sandrine10, Nardelli Bruno Buongiorno18, 29, O'Dea Enda24, Olason Einar19, Paulmier Aurelien20, Perez-Gonzalez Irene3, Reid Rebecca24, Racault Marie-Fanny7, Raitsos Dionysios E.7, Ramos Antonio30, Sykes Peter24, Szekely Tanguy2, Verbrugge Nathalie10
Affiliation(s) 1 : Mercator Ocean, Parc Technol Canal,8-10 Rue Hermes, F-31520 Ramonville Saint Agne, France.
2 : IFREMER, Plouzane, France.
3 : Area Med Fis, Madrid, Spain.
4 : Swedish Meteorol & Hydrol Inst, Norrkoping, Sweden.
5 : ECMWF, Shinfield Pk, Reading, Berks, England.
6 : Norwegian Meteorol Inst DNMI, Oslo, Norway.
7 : Natl Ctr Earth Observat, Plymouth Marine Lab, Plymouth, Devon, England.
8 : Meteo France, Toulouse, France.
9 : Univ Reading, Dept Meteorol, Reading, Berks, England.
10 : CLS, Space Oceanog Div, Parc Technol Canal, Ramonville Saint Agne, France.
11 : Inst Rech Dev, Marseille, France.
12 : LEGOS, Toulouse, France.
13 : Balear Islands ICTS, Balear Islands Coastal Observing & Forecasting Sy, SOCIB, Palma De Mallorca, Spain.
14 : Hellen Ctr Marine Res, Inst Oceanog, Anavyssos, Greece.
15 : Inst Marine Res, Bergen, Norway.
16 : Ist Nazl Oceanog & Geofis Sperimentale, OGS, Oceanog Sect, Trieste, Italy.
17 : Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Fis & Astron, Bologna, Italy.
18 : CNR, Ist Sci Atmosfera & Clima, Rome, Italy.
19 : Nansen Environm & Remote Sensing Ctr, Bergen, Norway.
20 : Tallinn Univ Technol, Marine Syst Inst, Tallinn, Estonia.
21 : Meteo France, Ctr Meteorol Spatiale, Ave Lorraine Lannion, Paris, France.
22 : Danish Metrol Inst, Ctr Ocean & Ice, Copenhagen, Denmark.
23 : Ist Nazl Geofis & Vulcanol, Bologna, Italy.
24 : Met Off Hadley Ctr, FitzRoy Rd, Exeter, Devon, England.
25 : Swedish Meteorol & Hydrol Inst, Marine Environm Data & Informat, Vastra Frolunda, Sweden.
26 : Ctr Euro Mediterr Cambiamenti Climat, Dept Ocean Predict & Applicat, Rome, Italy.
27 : CEFAS, Pakefield Rd, Lowestoft, Suffolk, England.
28 : Natl Oceanog Ctr, Liverpool, Merseyside, England.
29 : CNR, Ist Ambiente Marino Costiero, Naples, Italy.
30 : Univ Inst Intelligent Syst & Numer Applicat, Div Robot & Computat Oceanog, Fac Marine Sci, Canaria, Spain.
Source Journal Of Operational Oceanography (1755-876X) (Taylor & Francis Ltd), 2016-09 , Vol. 9 , N. Sup.2 , P. s235-s320
DOI 10.1080/1755876X.2016.1273446
WOS© Times Cited 50
Keyword(s) Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service, Ocean reporting, Ocean monitoring, State of the ocean, Ocean variability, Operational oceanography, Ocean climate variability
Abstract

The Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) Ocean State Report (OSR) provides an annual report of the state of the global ocean and European regional seas for policy and decision-makers with the additional aim of increasing general public awareness about the status of, and changes in, the marine environment. The CMEMS OSR draws on expert analysis and provides a 3-D view (through reanalysis systems), a view from above (through remote-sensing data) and a direct view of the interior (through in situ measurements) of the global ocean and the European regional seas. The report is based on the unique CMEMS monitoring capabilities of the blue (hydrography, currents), white (sea ice) and green (e.g. Chlorophyll) marine environment. This first issue of the CMEMS OSR provides guidance on Essential Variables, large-scale changes and specific events related to the physical ocean state over the period 1993-2015. Principal findings of this first CMEMS OSR show a significant increase in global and regional sea levels, thermosteric expansion, ocean heat content, sea surface temperature and Antarctic sea ice extent and conversely a decrease in Arctic sea ice extent during the 1993-2015 period. During the year 2015 exceptionally strong large-scale changes were monitored such as, for example, a strong El Nino Southern Oscillation, a high frequency of extreme storms and sea level events in specific regions in addition to areas of high sea level and harmful algae blooms. At the same time, some areas in the Arctic Ocean experienced exceptionally low sea ice extent and temperatures below average were observed in the North Atlantic Ocean.

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Von Schuckmann Karina, Le Traon Pierre-Yves, Alvarez-Fanjul Enrique, Axell Lars, Balmaseda Magdalena, Breivik Lars-Anders, Brewin Robert J. W., Bricaud Clement, Drevillon Marie, Drillet Yann, Dubois Clotilde, Embury Owen, Etienne Helene, Garcia Sotillo Marcos, Garric Gilles, Gasparin Florent, Gutknecht Elodie, Guinehut Stephanie, Hernandez Fabrice, Juza Melanie, Karlson Bengt, Korres Gerasimos, Legeais Jean Francois, Levier Bruno, Lien Vidar S., Morrow Rosemary, Notarstefano Giulio, Parent Laurent, Pascual Alvaro, Perez-Gomez Begona, Perruche Coralie, Pinardi Nadia, Pisano Andrea, Poulain Pierre-Marie, Pujol Isabelle M., Raj Roshin P., Raudsepp Urmas, Roquet Herve, Samuelsen Annette, Sathyendranath Shubha, She Jun, Simoncelli Simona, Solidoro Cosimo, Tinker Jonathan, Tintore Joaquin, Viktorsson Lena, Ablain Michael, Almroth-Rosell Elin, Bonaduce Antonio, Clementi Emanuela, Cossarini Gianpiero, Dagneaux Quentin, Desportes Charles, Dye Stephen, Fratianni Claudia, Good Simon, Greiner Eric, Gourrion Jerome, Hamon Mathieu, Holt Jason, Hyder Pat, Kennedy John, Manzano-Munoz Fernando, Melet Angelique, Meyssignac Benoit, Mulet Sandrine, Nardelli Bruno Buongiorno, O'Dea Enda, Olason Einar, Paulmier Aurelien, Perez-Gonzalez Irene, Reid Rebecca, Racault Marie-Fanny, Raitsos Dionysios E., Ramos Antonio, Sykes Peter, Szekely Tanguy, Verbrugge Nathalie (2016). The Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service Ocean State Report. Journal Of Operational Oceanography, 9(Sup.2), s235-s320. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876X.2016.1273446 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00383/49471/