Indicator-Based Geostatistical Models For Mapping Fish Survey Data

Type Article
Date 2018-02
Language English
Author(s) Petitgas PierreORCID1, Woillez MathieuORCID2, Doray MathieuORCID1, Rivoirard Jacques3
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Res Unit EMH, Rue Ile dYeu, F-44300 Nantes, France.
2 : IFREMER, Res Unit STH, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
3 : PSL Res Univ, Ctr Geosci, MINES ParisTech, 35 Rue St Honore, F-77305 Fontainebleau, France.
Source Mathematical Geosciences (1874-8961) (Springer Heidelberg), 2018-02 , Vol. 50 , N. 2 , P. 187-208
DOI 10.1007/s11004-018-9725-2
WOS© Times Cited 3
Keyword(s) Top-cut, MAF, Indicators, Co-kriging, Skewed distribution, Anchovy, Bay of Biscay, Fisheries survey data, Aggregation

Marine research survey data on fish stocks often show a small proportion of very high-density values, as for many environmental data. This makes the estimation of second-order statistics, such as the variance and the variogram, non-robust. The high fish density values are generated by fish aggregative behaviour, which may vary greatly at small scale in time and space. The high values are thus imprecisely known, both in their spatial occurrence and order of magnitude. To map such data, three indicator-based geostatistical methods were considered, the top-cut model, min–max autocorrelation factors (MAF) of indicators, and multiple indicator kriging. In the top-cut and MAF approaches, the variable is decomposed into components and the most continuous ones (those corresponding to the low and medium values) are used to guide the mapping. The methods are proposed as alternatives to ordinary kriging when the variogram is difficult to estimate. The methods are detailed and applied on a spatial data set of anchovy densities derived from a typical fish stock acoustic survey performed in the Bay of Biscay, which show a few high-density values distributed in small spatial patches and also as solitary events. The model performances are analyzed by cross-validating the data and comparing the kriged maps. Results are compared to ordinary kriging as a base case. The top-cut model had the best cross-validation performance. The indicator-based models allowed mapping high-value areas with small spatial extent, in contrast to ordinary kriging. Practical guidelines for implementing the indicator-based methods are provided.

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