|Author(s)||Ducatel Cecile1, Le Gall Yves1, Lurton Xavier1|
|Keyword(s)||Seismic, marine mammals, turtles, thresholds, PTS, TTS, exclusion zone, MMOs, PAM, pre-shot research, ramp-up, stopping shots|
This document explains measures taken by Ifremer to protect marine fauna when using class 1 seismic sources (> 500 in3). Before presenting the protocol to be applied during marine geoscience campaigns, the acoustic risk assessment principles are recapped.
Ducatel Cecile, Le Gall Yves, Lurton Xavier (2019). Protection protocol for marine fauna and seismic campaigns. ASTI-2019-169. https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00623/73519/