Are we ready to track climate‐driven shifts in marine species across international boundaries? ‐ A global survey of scientific bottom trawl data

Type Article
Date 2021-01
Language English
Author(s) Maureaud Aurore1, 2, Frelat Romain3, Pécuchet Laurène4, Shackell Nancy5, Mérigot Bastien6, Pinsky Malin L.7, Amador Kofi8, Anderson Sean C.9, Arkhipkin Alexander10, Auber ArnaudORCID11, Barri Iça12, Bell Richard J.13, Belmaker Jonathan14, Beukhof Esther15, Camara Mohamed L.16, Guevara‐carrasco Renato17, Choi Junghwa18, Christensen Helle T.19, Conner Jason20, Cubillos Luis A.21, Diadhiou Hamet D.22, Edelist Dori23, Emblemsvåg Margrete24, Ernst Billy25, Fairweather Tracey P.26, Fock Heino O.27, Friedland Kevin D.28, Garcia Camilo B29, Gascuel Didier30, Gislason Henrik2, Goren Menachem14, Guitton Jérôme30, Jouffre Didier62, Hattab Tarek6, Hidalgo Manuel31, Kathena Johannes N.32, Knuckey Ian33, Kidé Saïkou O.34, Koen‐alonso Mariano35, Koopman Matt34, Kulik Vladimir36, León Jacqueline P17, Levitt‐barmats Ya’arit14, Lindegren Martin1, Llope Marcos37, Massiot‐granier Félix38, Masski Hicham39, McLean Matthew40, Meissa Beyah34, Mérillet Laurene41, 42, Mihneva Vesselina43, Nunoo Francis K. E.44, O'Driscoll Richard45, O'Leary Cecilia A.46, Petrova Elitsa44, Ramos Jorge E.10, 47, Refes Wahid48, Román‐marcote Esther49, Siegstad Helle20, Sobrino Ignacio37, Sólmundsson Jón50, Sonin Oren51, Spies Ingrid52, Steingrund Petur53, Stephenson Fabrice45, Stern Nir54, Tserkova Feriha44, Tserpes Georges55, Tzanatos Evangelos56, Rijn Itai57, Zwieten Paul A. M.3, Vasilakopoulos Paraskevas58, Yepsen Daniela V.59, Ziegler Philippe60, Thorson James61
Affiliation(s) 1 : Centre for Ocean Life National Institute of Aquatic Resources (DTU Aqua)Technical University of Denmark Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
2 : Section for Ecosystem based Marine Management National Institute of Aquatic Resources (DTU Aqua)Technical University of Denmark Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
3 : Aquaculture and Fisheries Group Wageningen University Research Wageningen ,The Netherlands
4 : Norwegian College of Fishery Science UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø ,Norway
5 : Fisheries and Oceans Canada Bedford Institute of Oceanography Dartmouth NS, Canada
6 : MARBEC University of Montpellier CNRS, Sète ,France
7 : Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Resources Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey New Brunswick NJ, USA
8 : Fisheries Scientific Survey Division Fisheries Commission Tema, Ghana
9 : Fisheries and Oceans Canada Pacific Biological Station Nanaimo BC, Canada
10 : Falkland Islands Fisheries Department Directorate of Natural Resources Stanley, Falkland Islands
11 : Halieutique Manche Mer du Nord unit French Research Institute for the Exploitation of the Sea (IFREMER) Boulogne‐sur‐Mer, France
12 : Centro de Investigaçao Pesqueira Aplicada (CIPA) Bissau ,Guinea‐Bissau
13 : The Nature Conservancy Narragansett RI ,USA
14 : School of Zoology and The Steinhardt Museum of Natural History Tel Aviv ,Israel
15 : Wageningen Marine Research IJmuiden, The Netherlands
16 : Halieute National Center of Fisheries Sciences of Boussoura Conakry, Republic of Guinea
17 : General Directorate of Demersal and Coastal Resources ResearchInstituto del Mar Perú (IMARPE) Callao ,Perú
18 : Fisheries Resources Research Center National Institute of Fisheries Science Tongyeong‐si ,Korea
19 : Greenland Institute of Natural Resources Nuuk, Greenland
20 : Resource Assessment and Conservation Engineering, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service NOAA Seattle WA ,USA
21 : COPAS Sur‐Austral Departamento de Oceanografía University of Concepcion Concepción, Chile
22 : Fisheries and Aquaculture Biologist ISRACRODT Dakar, Senegal
23 : Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies and Department of Maritime Civilizations Charney School of Marine Sciences University of Haifa Haifa ,Israel
24 : Møreforsking Ålesund AS Ålesund, Norway
25 : Millennium Nucleus of Ecology and Sustainable Management of Oceanic Islands (ESMOI) Departamento de Oceanografía Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanográficas Universidad de Concepción Concepción ,Chile
26 : Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment Cape Town ,South Africa
27 : Thuenen Institute of Sea Fisheries Bremerhaven ,Germany
28 : Narragansett Laboratory National Marine Fisheries Service Narragansett RI ,USA
29 : Departamento de Biologia Universidad Nacional de Colombia Bogotá ,Colombia
30 : ESE, Ecology and Ecosystem Health Institut Agro Rennes ,France
31 : Ecosystem Oceanography Group (GRECO) Instituto Español de Oceanografía Centre Oceanogràfic de les Balears Palma de Mallorca ,Spain
32 : National Marine Information and Research Centre Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) Swakopmund, Namibia
33 : Fishwell Consulting Pty Ltd Queenscliff Vic., Australia
34 : Institut Mauritanien de Recherches Océanographiques et des Pêches Nouadhibou ,Mauritania
35 : Northwest Atlantic Fisheries CentreFisheries and Oceans Canada St. John's NL, Canada
36 : Pacific Branch (TINRO) of Russian Federal Research Institute Of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO) Vladivostok ,Russia
37 : Instituto Español de Oceanografía Cádiz Andalucía, Spain
38 : Département Adaptations du vivant UMR BOREA Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle Paris, France
39 : Institut National de Recherche Halieutique Casablanca ,Morocco
40 : Department of Biology Dalhousie University Halifax NS, Canada
41 : National Museum of Natural History Paris ,France
42 : Ifremer, Lorient ,France
43 : Institute of Fish Resources Varna, Bulgaria
44 : Department of Marine and Fisheries Sciences University of Ghana Accra ,Ghana
45 : National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Limited Wellington ,New Zealand
46 : Resource Assessment and Conservation Engineering Division, Alaska Fisheries Science Center NOAA Seattle WA ,USA
47 : Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies University of Tasmania Hobart Tas., Australia
48 : National Higher School of Marine Sciences and Coastal Management Dély Ibrahim, Algeria
49 : Instituto Español de Oceanografía Centro Oceanográfico de Vigo Vigo ,Spain
50 : Marine and Freshwater Research Institute Reykjavik, Iceland
51 : Israeli Fisheries Division, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department Ministry of Agriculture Kiryat Haim, Israel
52 : Resource Ecology and Fisheries Management, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service NOAA Seattle WA ,USA
53 : Faroe Marine Research Institute Tórshavn, Faroe Islands
54 : Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research Institute Haifa ,Israel
55 : Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR) Heraklion ,Greece
56 : Department of Biology University of Patras Patras, Greece
57 : School of Zoology Tel Aviv University Tel Aviv, Israel
58 : Joint Research Centre (JRC) European Commission Ispra, Italy
59 : Programa de Doctorado en Ciencias con Mención en Manejo de Recursos Acuáticos Renovables (MaReA) Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanográficas Universidad de Concepción Concepción ,Chile
60 : Antarctic Conservation and Management Program Australian Antarctic Division Department of Agriculture, Water, and the Environment Kingston Tas., Australia
61 : Habitat and Ecological Processes Research Program Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service NOAA Seattle WA, USA
62 : MARBEC University of MontpellierCNRS Sète ,France
Source Global Change Biology (1354-1013) (Wiley), 2021-01 , Vol. 27 , N. 2 , P. 220-236
DOI 10.1111/gcb.15404
WOS© Times Cited 19
Keyword(s) bottom trawl survey, climate change, demersal fish, fisheries policy, global data synthesis, open science, species distribution, transboundary conservation

Marine biota are redistributing at a rapid pace in response to climate change and shifting seascapes. While changes in fish populations and community structure threaten the sustainability of fisheries, our capacity to adapt by tracking and projecting marine species remains a challenge due to data discontinuities in biological observations, lack of data availability, and mismatch between data and real species distributions. To assess the extent of this challenge, we review the global status and accessibility of ongoing scientific bottom trawl surveys. In total, we gathered metadata for 283,925 samples from 95 surveys conducted regularly from 2001 to 2019. We identified that 59% of the metadata collected are not publicly available, highlighting that the availability of data is the most important challenge to assess species redistributions under global climate change. Given that the primary purpose of surveys is to provide independent data to inform stock assessment of commercially important populations, we further highlight that single surveys do not cover the full range of the main commercial demersal fish species. An average of 18 surveys is needed to cover at least 50% of species ranges, demonstrating the importance of combining multiple surveys to evaluate species range shifts. We assess the potential for combining surveys to track transboundary species redistributions and show that differences in sampling schemes and inconsistency in sampling can be overcome with spatio‐temporal modeling to follow species density redistributions. In light of our global assessment, we establish a framework for improving the management and conservation of transboundary and migrating marine demersal species. We provide directions to improve data availability and encourage countries to share survey data, to assess species vulnerabilities, and to support management adaptation in a time of climate‐driven ocean changes.

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Maureaud Aurore, Frelat Romain, Pécuchet Laurène, Shackell Nancy, Mérigot Bastien, Pinsky Malin L., Amador Kofi, Anderson Sean C., Arkhipkin Alexander, Auber Arnaud, Barri Iça, Bell Richard J., Belmaker Jonathan, Beukhof Esther, Camara Mohamed L., Guevara‐carrasco Renato, Choi Junghwa, Christensen Helle T., Conner Jason, Cubillos Luis A., Diadhiou Hamet D., Edelist Dori, Emblemsvåg Margrete, Ernst Billy, Fairweather Tracey P., Fock Heino O., Friedland Kevin D., Garcia Camilo B, Gascuel Didier, Gislason Henrik, Goren Menachem, Guitton Jérôme, Jouffre Didier, Hattab Tarek, Hidalgo Manuel, Kathena Johannes N., Knuckey Ian, Kidé Saïkou O., Koen‐alonso Mariano, Koopman Matt, Kulik Vladimir, León Jacqueline P, Levitt‐barmats Ya’arit, Lindegren Martin, Llope Marcos, Massiot‐granier Félix, Masski Hicham, McLean Matthew, Meissa Beyah, Mérillet Laurene, Mihneva Vesselina, Nunoo Francis K. E., O'Driscoll Richard, O'Leary Cecilia A., Petrova Elitsa, Ramos Jorge E., Refes Wahid, Román‐marcote Esther, Siegstad Helle, Sobrino Ignacio, Sólmundsson Jón, Sonin Oren, Spies Ingrid, Steingrund Petur, Stephenson Fabrice, Stern Nir, Tserkova Feriha, Tserpes Georges, Tzanatos Evangelos, Rijn Itai, Zwieten Paul A. M., Vasilakopoulos Paraskevas, Yepsen Daniela V., Ziegler Philippe, Thorson James (2021). Are we ready to track climate‐driven shifts in marine species across international boundaries? ‐ A global survey of scientific bottom trawl data. Global Change Biology, 27(2), 220-236. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :