Functional trait‐based approaches as a common framework for aquatic ecologists

Type Article
Acceptance Date 2020 IN PRESS
Language English
Author(s) Martini Séverine1, 2, Larras Floriane3, Boye Aurelien4, Faure Emile1, 5, Aberle Nicole6, Archambault Philippe7, Bacouillard Lise8, Beisner Beatrix E9, Bittner Lucie5, 10, Castella Emmanuel11, Danger Michael10, 12, Gauthier Olivier4, Karp‐boss Lee13, Lombard Fabien1, 10, Maps Frédéric7, Stemmann Lars1, Thiébaut Eric8, Usseglio‐polatera Philippe12, Vogt Meike14, Laviale Martin12, Ayata Sakina‐dorothée1, 5
Affiliation(s) 1 : Sorbonne Université CNRS, Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche (LOV) Villefranche‐sur‐Mer, France
2 : Aix Marseille Univ., Université de Toulon CNRS, IRD, MIO UM110 13288 Marseille ,France
3 : Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research Leipzig, Germany
4 : Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin (LEMAR) UMR 6539 CNRS UBO IRD IFREMER Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Université de Bretagne Occidentale Plouzané ,France
5 : Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB), Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, CNRS Sorbonne Université, EPHE Paris ,France
6 : Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) Trondhjem Biological Station Trondheim, Norway
7 : Québec‐Océan and Unité Mixte Internationale Takuvik Ulaval‐CNRS, Département de Biologie Université Laval Quebec City Québec ,Canada
8 : Sorbonne Université CNRS, Laboratoire Adaptation et Diversité en Milieu Marin (AD2M) Roscoff, France
9 : Department of Biological Sciences University of Québec at Montréal Québec, Canada
10 : Institut Universitaire de France Paris, France
11 : Earth and Environmental Science Section, Department F.‐A. Forel for Environmental and Aquatic Sciences, Institute for Environmental Sciences University of Geneva Geneva, Switzerland
12 : Université de Lorraine CNRS, LIEC Metz, France
13 : School of Marine Sciences University of Maine Orono Maine, USA
14 : Environmental Physics, Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics ETH Zürich Zürich, Switzerland
Source Limnology and Oceanography (0024-3590) (Wiley) In Press
DOI 10.1002/lno.11655
Abstract

Aquatic ecologists face challenges in identifying the general rules of the functioning of ecosystems. A common framework, including freshwater, marine, benthic, and pelagic ecologists, is needed to bridge communication gaps and foster knowledge sharing. This framework should transcend local specificities and taxonomy in order to provide a common ground and shareable tools to address common scientific challenges. Here, we advocate the use of functional trait‐based approaches (FTBAs) for aquatic ecologists and propose concrete paths to go forward. Firstly, we propose to unify existing definitions in FTBAs to adopt a common language. Secondly, we list the numerous databases referencing functional traits for aquatic organisms. Thirdly, we present a synthesis on traditional as well as recent promising methods for the study of aquatic functional traits, including imaging and genomics. Finally, we conclude with a highlight on scientific challenges and promising venues for which FTBAs should foster opportunities for future research. By offering practical tools, our framework provides a clear path forward to the adoption of trait‐based approaches in aquatic ecology.

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Martini Séverine, Larras Floriane, Boye Aurelien, Faure Emile, Aberle Nicole, Archambault Philippe, Bacouillard Lise, Beisner Beatrix E, Bittner Lucie, Castella Emmanuel, Danger Michael, Gauthier Olivier, Karp‐boss Lee, Lombard Fabien, Maps Frédéric, Stemmann Lars, Thiébaut Eric, Usseglio‐polatera Philippe, Vogt Meike, Laviale Martin, Ayata Sakina‐dorothée Functional trait‐based approaches as a common framework for aquatic ecologists. Limnology and Oceanography IN PRESS. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.11655 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00663/77504/