Earth System Model Evaluation Tool (ESMValTool) v2.0-an extended set of large-scale diagnostics for quasi-operational and comprehensive evaluation of Earth system models in CMIP

The Earth System Model Evaluation Tool (ESMValTool) is a community diagnostics and performance metrics tool designed to improve comprehensive and routine evaluation of Earth system models (ESMs) participating in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP). It has undergone rapid development since the first release in 2016 and is now a well-tested tool that provides end-to-end provenance tracking to ensure reproducibility. It consists of (1) an easy-to-install, well-documented Python package providing the core functionalities (ESMValCore) that performs common preprocessing operations and (2) a diagnostic part that includes tailored diagnostics and performance metrics for specific scientific applications. Here we describe large-scale diagnostics of the second major release of the tool that supports the evaluation of ESMs participating in CMIP Phase 6 (CMIP6). ESMValTool v2.0 includes a large collection of diagnostics and performance metrics for atmospheric, oceanic, and terrestrial variables for the mean state, trends, and variability. ESMValTool v2.0 also successfully reproduces figures from the evaluation and projections chapters of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) and incorporates updates from targeted analysis packages, such as the NCAR Climate Variability Diagnostics Package for the evaluation of modes of variability, the Thermodynamic Diagnostic Tool (TheDiaTo) to evaluate the energetics of the climate system, as well as parts of AutoAssess that contains a mix of top-down performance metrics. The tool has been fully integrated into the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) infrastructure at the Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum (DKRZ) to provide evaluation results from CMIP6 model simulations shortly after the output is published to the CMIP archive. A result browser has been implemented that enables advanced monitoring of the evaluation results by a broad user community at much faster timescales than what was possible in CMIP5.

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Eyring Veronika, Bock Lisa, Lauer Axel, Righi Mattia, Schlund Manuel, Andela Bouwe, Arnone Enrico, Bellprat Omar, Broetz Bjorn, Caron Louis-Philippe, Carvalhais Nuno, Cionni Irene, Cortesi Nicola, Crezee Bas, Davin Edouard L., Davini Paolo, Debeire Kevin, de Mora Lee, Deser Clara, Docquier David, Earnshaw Paul, Ehbrecht Carsten, Gier Bettina K., Gonzalez-Reviriego Nube, Goodman Paul, Hagemann Stefan, Hardiman Steven, Hassler Birgit, Hunter Alasdair, Kadow Christopher, Kindermann Stephan, Koirala Sujan, Koldunov Nikolay, Lejeune Quentin, Lembo Valerio, Lovato Tomas, Lucarini Valerio, Massonnet Francois, Mueller Benjamin, Pandde Amarjiit, Perez-Zanon Nuria, Phillips Adam, Predoi Valeriu, Russell Joellen, Sellar Alistair, Serva Federico, Stacke Tobias, Swaminathan Ranjini, Torralba Veronica, Vegas-Regidor Javier, von hardenberg Jost, Weigel Katja, Zimmermann Klaus (2020). Earth System Model Evaluation Tool (ESMValTool) v2.0-an extended set of large-scale diagnostics for quasi-operational and comprehensive evaluation of Earth system models in CMIP. Geoscientific Model Development. 13 (7). 3383-3438.,

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