Bacteria enhance the production of extracellular polymeric substances by the green dinoflagellate Lepidodinium chlorophorum
|Author(s)||Roux Pauline1, Siano Raffaele2, Collin Karine1, Bilien Gwenael3, Sinquin Corinne4, Marchand Laetitia4, Zykwinska Agata4, Delbarre-Ladrat Christine4, Schapira Mathilde1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Ifremer, LITTORAL, 44300, Nantes, France
2 : Ifremer, DYNECO, 29280, Plouzané, France
3 : Ifremer, LITTORAL, 29900, Concarneau, France
4 : Ifremer, BRM, 44300, Nantes, France
|Source||Scientific Reports (2045-2322) (Springer Science and Business Media LLC), 2021-02 , Vol. 11 , N. 1 , P. 4795 (15p.)|
High biomasses of the marine dinoflagellate Lepidodinium chlorophorum cause green seawater discolorations along Southern Brittany (NE Atlantic, France). The viscosity associated to these phenomena has been related to problems in oyster cultivation. The harmful effect of L. chlorophorum might originate from the secretion of Extracellular Polymeric Substances (EPS). To understand whether the EPS are produced by L. chlorophorum or its associated bacteria, or if they are a product of their interaction, batch cultures were performed under non-axenic and pseudo-axenic conditions for three strains. Maximum dinoflagellate cell abundances were observed in pseudo-axenic cultures. The non-sinking fraction of polymers (Soluble Extracellular Polymers, SEP), mainly composed of proteins and the exopolysaccharide sulphated galactan, slightly increased in pseudo-axenic cultures. The amount of Transparent Exopolymer Particles (TEP) per cell increased under non-axenic conditions. Despite the high concentrations of Particulate Organic Carbon (POC) measured, viscosity did not vary. These results suggest that the L. chlorophorum-bacteria interaction could have a detrimental consequence on the dinoflagellate, translating in a negative effect on L. chlorophorum growth, as well as EPS overproduction by the dinoflagellate, at concentrations that should not affect seawater viscosity.