Concurrent sampling of transitional and coastal waters by Diffusive Gradient in Thin-films (DGT) and spot sampling for trace metals analysis
|Author(s)||Bersuder Philippe1, Amouroux Isabelle2, Belzunce-Segarra María Jesús3, Bolam Thi1, Caetano Miguel4, Carvalho Inês5, Correia Dos Santos Margarida5, Fones Gary R.6, Gonzalez Jean-Louis2, Guesdon Stephane7, Larreta Joana3, Marras Barbara8, McHugh Brendan9, Menet-Nédélec Florence10, Menchaca Iratxe3, Gabet Vanessa Millán11, Montero Natalia8, Nolan Martin12, Regan Fiona12, Robinson Craig D.13, Rosa Nuno4, Sanz Marta Rodrigo11, Rodríguez José German3, Schintu Marco8, White Blánaid12, Zhang Hao14|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Cefas, Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft Laboratory, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk, NR33 0HT, United Kingdom
2 : Ifremer, Unit of Biogeochemistry and Ecotoxicology, Rue de l'Ile d'Yeu, 44311 Nantes, France
3 : AZTI, Marine Research Division, Herrera Kaia Portualde z/g, 20110 Pasaia, Spain
4 : IPMA, Portuguese Institute of Sea and Atmosphere, Rua Alfredo Magalhães Ramalho, 6, 1495-165 Algés, Portugal
5 : Centro de Química Estrutural, Instituto Superior Técnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001, Lisboa, Portugal
6 : School of the Environment, Geography and Geosciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth, PO1 3QL, United Kingdom
7 : Ifremer, LITTORAL, Laboratoire Environnement Ressources des Pertuis Charentais, Avenue de Mus de Loup, 17390 La Tremblade, France
8 : UNICA, Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Sanità Pubblica, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, 09124 Cagliari, Italy
9 : Marine Institute, Rinville, Oranmore, Galway, Ireland
10 : Ifremer, LITTORAL, Laboratoire Environnement Ressources de Normandie (LERN), Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 14520 Port-en-Bessin, France
11 : ITC, Instituto Tecnológico de Canarias, Playa de Pozo Izquierdo, s/n. CP: 35119, Sta. Lucía, Las Palmas, Spain
12 : DCU Water Institute, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland
13 : MSS, Marine Scotland Science, Marine Laboratory, 365 Victoria Road, Aberdeen AB11 9DB, United Kingdom
14 : Lancaster University, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster LA1 4YW, United Kingdom
|Source||Methodsx (2215-0161) (Elsevier BV), 2021 , Vol. 8 , P. 101462 (14p.)|
|WOS© Times Cited||7|
|Keyword(s)||Diffusive Gradient in Thin-films (DGT), Passive sampling, Spot sampling, Metals, Transitional and coastal waters, Monitoring, MONITOOL, EU Water Framework Directive (WFD)|
This protocol was developed based on the knowledge acquired in the framework of the Interreg MONITOOL project (EAPA_565/2016) where extensive sampling campaigns were performed in transitional and coastal waters covering eight European countries. It provides detailed procedures and guidelines for the sampling of these waterbodies by concurrent collection of discrete water samples and the deployment of Diffusive Gradient in Thin-films (DGT) passive samplers for the measurement of trace metal concentrations. In order to facilitate the application of this protocol by end-users, it presents steps to follow in the laboratory prior to sampling campaigns, explains the procedures for field campaigns (including in situ measurement of supporting parameters) and subsequent sample processing in the laboratory in preparation for trace metal analyse by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and voltammetry. The protocol provides a systematic, coherent field sampling and sample preparation strategy that was developed in order to ensure comparability and reproducibility of the data obtained from each project Partner in different regions.
• Standardization of the concurrent sampling of transitional and coastal waters by DGT passive samplers and spot sampling.
• Robust procedures and tips based on existing international standards and comprehensive practical experience.
• Links to demonstration videos produced within the MONITOOL project.