The EMSO Generic Instrument Module (EGIM): Standardized and Interoperable Instrumentation for Ocean Observation

Type Article
Date 2022-03
Language English
Author(s) Lantéri Nadine1, 2, Ruhl Henry A.3, 4, Gates Andrew2, 3, Martínez Enoc2, 5, Del Rio Fernandez Joaquin2, 5, Aguzzi Jacopo6, 7, Cannat Mathilde2, 8, Delory Eric2, 9, Embriaco Davide2, 10, Huber Robert11, Matabos Marjolaine1, Petihakis George2, 12, Reilly Kieran2, 13, Rolin Jean-Francois1, 2, Van Der Schaar Mike5, André Michel5, Blandin Jerome1, 2, Cianca Andrés9, Francescangeli Marco5, Garcia Oscar14, Hartman Susan2, 3, Lagadec Jean Romain1, Legrand JulienORCID1, Pagonis Paris2, 12, Piera Jaume14, Remirez Xabier9, Toma Daniel M.2, 5, Marinaro Giuditta2, 10, Moreau Bertrand1, Santana Raul9, Wright Hannah3, Dañobeitia Juan José2, 15, Favali Paolo2, 10
Affiliation(s) 1 : Institut Français de Recherche pour l’Exploitation de la Mer, Plouzané, France
2 : European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and Water Column Observatory, Rome, Italy
3 : National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, United Kingdom
4 : Monterey Bay Aquarium, Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA, United States
5 : Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Vilanova i la Geltrú, Spain
6 : Department of Renewable Marine Resources, Functioning and Vulnerability of Marine Ecosystems Group, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar (ICM-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
7 : Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn (SZN), Naples, Italy
8 : Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France
9 : Plataforma Oceánica de Canarias, Telde, Spain
10 : Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Rome, Italy
11 : MARUM – Zemtrum für, Marine Umweltwissenschaften der Universität Bremen, Bremen, Germany
12 : Hellenic Centre for marine Research, Attiki, Greece
13 : Marine Institute, Galway, Ireland
14 : Instituto de Ciencias del Mar, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
15 : Unidad de Tecnologia Marina, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
Source Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media SA), 2022-03 , Vol. 9 , P. 801033 (17p.)
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2022.801033
WOS© Times Cited 2
Keyword(s) fixed-point observatories, multi-parametric monitoring, seafloor, water column, EMSO, EGIM, EOV
Abstract

The oceans are a fundamental source for climate balance, sustainability of resources and life on Earth, therefore society has a strong and pressing interest in maintaining and, where possible, restoring the health of the marine ecosystems. Effective, integrated ocean observation is key to suggesting actions to reduce anthropogenic impact from coastal to deep-sea environments and address the main challenges of the 21st century, which are summarized in the UN Sustainable Development Goals and Blue Growth strategies. The European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water column Observatory (EMSO), is a European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC), with the aim of providing long-term observations via fixed-point ocean observatories in key environmental locations across European seas from the Arctic to the Black Sea. These may be supported by ship-based observations and autonomous systems such as gliders. In this paper, we present the EMSO Generic Instrument Module (EGIM), a deployment ready multi-sensor instrumentation module, designed to measure physical, biogeochemical, biological and ecosystem variables consistently, in a range of marine environments, over long periods of time. Here, we describe the system, features, configuration, operation and data management. We demonstrate, through a series of coastal and oceanic pilot experiments that the EGIM is a valuable standard ocean observation module, which can significantly improve the capacity of existing ocean observatories and provides the basis for new observatories. The diverse examples of use included the monitoring of fish activity response upon oceanographic variability, hydrothermal vent fluids and particle dispersion, passive acoustic monitoring of marine mammals and time series of environmental variation in the water column. With the EGIM available to all the EMSO Regional Facilities, EMSO will be reaching a milestone in standardization and interoperability, marking a key capability advancement in addressing issues of sustainability in resource and habitat management of the oceans.

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Lantéri Nadine, Ruhl Henry A., Gates Andrew, Martínez Enoc, Del Rio Fernandez Joaquin, Aguzzi Jacopo, Cannat Mathilde, Delory Eric, Embriaco Davide, Huber Robert, Matabos Marjolaine, Petihakis George, Reilly Kieran, Rolin Jean-Francois, Van Der Schaar Mike, André Michel, Blandin Jerome, Cianca Andrés, Francescangeli Marco, Garcia Oscar, Hartman Susan, Lagadec Jean Romain, Legrand Julien, Pagonis Paris, Piera Jaume, Remirez Xabier, Toma Daniel M., Marinaro Giuditta, Moreau Bertrand, Santana Raul, Wright Hannah, Dañobeitia Juan José, Favali Paolo (2022). The EMSO Generic Instrument Module (EGIM): Standardized and Interoperable Instrumentation for Ocean Observation. Frontiers In Marine Science, 9, 801033 (17p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2022.801033 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00756/86848/