Biodiversity, climate change, and adaptation in the Mediterranean

Type Article
Date 2022-04
Language English
Author(s) Aurelle DidierORCID1, 2, 3, Thomas Séverine4, Albert Cécile2, Bally Marc1, Bondeau Alberte2, Boudouresque Charles‐françois1, Cahill Abigail E.5, Carlotti François1, Chenuil Anne2, Cramer Wolfgang2, Davi Hendrik6, de Jode Aurélien2, 7, Ereskovsky Alexander2, 8, Farnet Anne‐marie2, Fernandez Catherine2, Gauquelin Thierry2, Mirleau Pascal2, Monnet Anne‐christine2, Prévosto Bernard9, Rossi VincentORCID1, Sartoretto StephaneORCID10, Van Wambeke France1, Fady Bruno6
Affiliation(s) 1 : Aix Marseille Univ, Université de Toulon, CNRS, IRD, MIO Marseille,France
2 : Aix Marseille Univ, Avignon Université, CNRS, IRD, IMBE Marseille, France
3 : Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB), Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, CNRS Sorbonne Université, EPHE Paris, France
4 : Aix Marseille Université, Labex‐OT‐Med Aix‐en‐Provence,France
5 : Biology Department Albion College Albion Michigan, USA
6 : INRAE, Ecologie des Forêts Méditerranéennes (URFM) Avignon, France
7 : Department of Marine Sciences‐Tjärnö University of Gothenburg, Tjärnö Marine Laboratory Gothenburg ,Sweden
8 : Saint‐Petersburg State University St. Petersburg ,Russia
9 : INRAE, RECOVER Aix‐en‐Provence, France
10 : IFREMER, Centre Méditerranée, La Seyne‐sur‐Mer, France
Source Ecosphere (2150-8925) (Wiley), 2022-04 , Vol. 13 , N. 4 , P. e3915 (23p.)
DOI 10.1002/ecs2.3915
WOS© Times Cited 26
Keyword(s) adaptive management, biodiversity, biological adaptation, climate change, marine ecosystems, Mediterranean, terrestrial ecosystems
Abstract

Potential for, and limits to, adaptation to environmental changes are critical for resilience and risk mitigation. The Mediterranean basin is a mosaic of biodiversity-rich ecosystems long affected by human influence, whose resilience is now questioned by climate change. After reviewing the different components of biological adaptation, we present the main characteristics of marine and terrestrial biodiversity in the Mediterranean basin and of the pressures they face. Taking climatic trends into consideration, we discuss the adaptive potential of a range of ecosystems dominated by species without active dispersal. We argue that the high heterogeneity of Mediterranean landscapes and seascapes constitutes a laboratory for the study of adaptation when environmental conditions change rapidly and may provide opportunities for adaptation and adaptability of species and ecosystems. Adaptive management in the Mediterranean can and should harness the nature-based solutions offered by both ecological and evolutionary processes for increasing the resilience of ecosystems to climate change.

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Appendix S1 21 280 KB Open access
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Aurelle Didier, Thomas Séverine, Albert Cécile, Bally Marc, Bondeau Alberte, Boudouresque Charles‐françois, Cahill Abigail E., Carlotti François, Chenuil Anne, Cramer Wolfgang, Davi Hendrik, de Jode Aurélien, Ereskovsky Alexander, Farnet Anne‐marie, Fernandez Catherine, Gauquelin Thierry, Mirleau Pascal, Monnet Anne‐christine, Prévosto Bernard, Rossi Vincent, Sartoretto Stephane, Van Wambeke France, Fady Bruno (2022). Biodiversity, climate change, and adaptation in the Mediterranean. Ecosphere, 13(4), e3915 (23p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.3915 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00766/87813/