Juvenile zebrafish (Danio rerio) are able to recover from lordosis

Type Article
Date 2022-12
Language English
Author(s) Printzi Aliki1, 2, Mazurais DavidORCID2, Witten P. E.3, Madec Lauriane2, Gonzalez A.-A.4, Mialhe X.4, Zambonino Infante Jose-LuisORCID2, Koumoundouros G.1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Biology Department, University of Crete, Crete, Greece
2 : IFREMER, University of Brest, CNRS, IRD, LEMAR, 29280, Plouzané, France
3 : Department of Biology, Gent University, Gent, Belgium
4 : MGX-Montpellier GenomiX, CNRS, INSERM, Univ. Montpellier, Montpellier, France
Source Scientific Reports (2045-2322) (Springer Science and Business Media LLC), 2022-12 , Vol. 12 , N. 1 , P. 21533 (12p.)
DOI 10.1038/s41598-022-26112-2
WOS© Times Cited 4

Haemal lordosis, a frequent skeletal deformity in teleost fish, has long been correlated with increased mechanical loads induced by swimming activity. In the present study, we examine whether juvenile zebrafish can recover from haemal lordosis and explore the musculoskeletal mechanisms involved. Juveniles were subjected to a swimming challenge test (SCT) that induced severe haemal lordosis in 49% of the animals and then immediately transferred them to 0.0 total body lengths (TL) per second of water velocity for a week. The recovery from lordosis was examined by means of whole mount staining, histology and gene expression analysis. Results demonstrate that 80% of the lordotic zebrafish are capable of internal and external recovery within a week after the SCT. Recovered individuals presented normal shape of the vertebral centra, maintaining though distorted internal tissue organization. Through the transcriptomic analysis of the affected haemal regions, several processes related to chromosome organization, DNA replication, circadian clock and transcription regulation were enriched within genes significantly regulated behind this musculoskeletal recovery procedure. Genes especially involved in adipogenesis, bone remodeling and muscular regeneration were regulated. A remodeling tissue-repair hypothesis behind haemal lordosis recovery is raised. Limitations and future possibilities for zebrafish as a model organism to clarify mechanically driven musculoskeletal changes are discussed.

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