Assessing the Variability in the Relationship Between the Particulate Backscattering Coefficient and the Chlorophyll a Concentration From a Global Biogeochemical-Argo Database
|Author(s)||Barbieux Marie1, Uitz Julia1, Bricaud Annick1, Organelli Emanuele1, 2, Poteau Antoine1, Schmechtig Catherine3, 4, Gentili Bernard1, Obolensky Grigor5, Leymarie Edouard1, Penkerc'h Christophe1, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio1, Claustre Herve1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : UPMC Univ Paris 06, Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, Observ Oceanol Villefranche,Lab Oceanog Villefran, Villefranche Sur Mer, France.
2 : Plymouth Marine Lab, Prospect Pl, Plymouth, Devon, England.
3 : CNRS, UMS 3455, OSU Ecce Terra, Paris, France.
4 : Univ Pierre & Marie Curie Paris 6, Paris, France.
5 : ERIC Euro Argo, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
|Source||Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans (2169-9275) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2018-02 , Vol. 123 , N. 2 , P. 1229-1250|
|WOS© Times Cited||36|
Characterizing phytoplankton distribution and dynamics in the world's open oceans requires in situ observations over a broad range of space and time scales. In addition to temperature/salinity measurements, Biogeochemical-Argo (BGC-Argo) profiling floats are capable of autonomously observing at high-frequency bio-optical properties such as the chlorophyll fluorescence, a proxy of the chlorophyll a concentration (Chla), the particulate backscattering coefficient (b(bp)), a proxy of the stock of particulate organic carbon, and the light available for photosynthesis. We analyzed an unprecedented BGC-Argo database of more than 8,500 multivariable profiles collected in various oceanic conditions, from subpolar waters to subtropical gyres. Our objective is to refine previously established Chla versus b(bp) relationships and gain insights into the sources of vertical, seasonal, and regional variability in this relationship. Despite some regional, seasonal and vertical variations, a general covariation occurs at a global scale. We distinguish two main contrasted situations: (1) concomitant changes in Chla and b(bp) that correspond to actual variations in phytoplankton biomass, e.g., in subpolar regimes; (2) a decoupling between the two variables attributed to photoacclimation or changes in the relative abundance of nonalgal particles, e.g., in subtropical regimes. The variability in the b(bp):Chla ratio in the surface layer appears to be essentially influenced by the type of particles and by photoacclimation processes. The large BGC-Argo database helps identifying the spatial and temporal scales at which this ratio is predominantly driven by one or the other of these two factors.