State of the Climate in 2018

Type Article
Date 2019-09
Language English
Author(s) Arndt D. S.14, Blunden J.35, Dunn R. J. H.96, Stanitski D. M., Gobron N.123, Willett K. M., Sanchez-Lugo A., Berrisford P.27, Morice C., Nicolas Jp, Carrea L.50, Woolway R. I.281, Merchant C. J.204, 205, Dokulil M. T.87, De Eyto E.74, Degasperi C. L.78, Korhonen J.166, Marszelewski W.188, May L.191, Paterson A. M.213, Rusak J. A., Schladow S. G.235, Schmid M.236, Verburg P., Watanabe S.274, Weyhenmeyer G. A.278, King A. D., Donat M. G.91, Christy J. R.60, Po-Chedley S., Mears C. R., Haimberger L.131, Covey C.69, Randel W.224, Noetzli J.211, Biskaborn B. K.31, Christiansen H. H.59, Isaksen K., Schoeneich P.237, Smith S., Vieira G.271, Zhao L.284, Streletskiy D. A., Robinson D. A.231, Pelto M.214, Berry D. I.28, Bosilovich M. G.37, Simmons A. J.1, Mears C.198, Ho S. P., Bock O.36, Zhou X.285, Nicolas J, Vose R. S., Adler R.2, Gu G., Becker A.22, Yin X282, Tye M. R.268, Blenkinsop S.34, Bosilovich M. G.37, Durre I.97, Ziese M.288, Collow A. B. Marquardt187, Rustemeier E., Foster M. J.114, Di Girolamo L.82, Frey R. A.114, Heidinger A. K.140, Sun-Mack S., Phillips C.217, 218, Menzel W. P.203, Stengel M.255, Zhao G., Kim H.163, Rodell M., Li B.174, 175, Famiglietti J. S.104, 105, Scanlon T., Van Der Schalie R., Preimesberger W., Reimer C.227, Hahn S., Gruber A.128, Kidd R.162, De Jeu R. A. M.75, Dorigo W. A.92, Barichivich J.18, Osborn T. J., Harris I.135, 136, Van Der Schrier G., Jones P. D., Miralles D. G., Martens B., Beck H. E.21, Dolman A. J.88, Jimenez C.151, McCabe M. F.193, Wood E. F.280, Allan R.7, 8, Azorin-Molina C.16, 17, Mears C. A.198, McVicar T. R.196, 197, Mayer M.1, Schenzinger V., Hersbach H.1, Stackhouse P. W., Jr., Wong T., Kratz D. P., Sawaengphokhai P., Wilber A. C., Gupta S. K.129, Loeb N. G., Dlugokencky E. J.85, Hall B. D.99, Montzka S. A.207, Dutton G.98, 99, Muhle J., Elkins J. W.99, Miller Br, Remy S.228, Bellouin N.23, Kipling Z.1, Ades M.1, Benedetti A.1, Boucher O.38, Weber M.275, Steinbrecht W.254, Arosio C.15, Van Der a R., Frith S. M.116, 117, Anderson J.13, Coldewey-Egbers M.64, Davis S.72, 73, Degenstein D.79, Fioletov V. E.111, Froidevaux L.118, Hubert D., Long C. S., Loyola D.182, Rozanov A., Roth C., Sofieva V.248, Tourpali K., Wang R., Wild J. D.279, Davis S. M.72, 73, Rosenlof K. H., Hurst D. F., Selkirk H. B.239, Vomel H., Ziemke J. R.287, Cooper O. R.66, 67, Flemming J.1, Inness A.1, Pinty B.220, Kaiser J. W.157, 158, Van Der Werf G. R.270, Hemming D. L.142, Garforth J.120, Park T.212, Richardson A. D., Rutishauser T., Sparks T. H.249, Thackeray S. J.260, Myneni R., Lumpkin R., Huang B., Kennedy J., Xue Y., Zhang H. -M., Hu C., Wang M., Johnson G. C., Lyman J. M., Boyer T.40, Cheng L.57, 58, Domingues C. M.89, 90, Gilson J.122, Ishii M.148, Killick R. E., Monselesan D.206, Purkey S. G., Wijffels S. E., Locarnini R., Yu L., Jin X.152, Stackhouse P. W., Kato S.160, Weller R. A., Thompson P. R.261, Widlansky M. J., Leuliette E., Sweet W., Chambers D. P.56, Hamlington B. D., Jevrejeva S., Marra J. J., Merrifield M. A., Mitchum G. T., Nerem R. S., Kelble C., Karnauskas M., Hubbard K., Goni G.126, Streeter C.256, Lumpkin R., Dohan K.86, Franz B. A.116, Cetinic I.54, 55, Karakoylu E. M., Siegel D. A.244, 245, Westberry T. K., Feely R. A.99, Wanninkhof R., Carter B. R.51, 52, Landschutzer P., Sutton A. J., Cosca C.68, Trinanes J. A.265, Baxter S.20, Schreck C.238, Bell G. D.20, Mullan A. B., Pezza A. B.216, Coelho C. A. S.63, Wang B.272, 273, He Q.139, Diamond H. J.83, Schreck C. J.238, Bell G. D.20, Blake E. S.33, Landsea C. W., Wang H., Goldenberg S. B.125, Pasch R. J., Klotzbach P. J.165, Kruk M. C., Schreck C. J.238, Camargo S. J.47, Trewin B. C., Pearce P. R., Lorrey A. M.181, Domingues R., Goni G. J., Knaff J. A., Lin I. -I.180, Bringas F.41, Richter-Menge J., Osborne E., Druckenmiller M.95, Jeffries M. O.149, Overland J. E., Hanna E.132, 133, Hanssen-Bauer I.134, Kim S. -J.164, Walsh J. E., Wang M., Bhatt U. S.30, Timmermans M. -L.263, Ladd C., Perovich D.215, Meier W.199, Tschudi M.267, Farrell S.106, Hendricks S.143, Gerland S.121, Haas C.130, Krumpen T.169, Polashenski C., Ricker R, Webster M., Stabeno P. J.253, Tedesco M.259, Box J. E.39, Cappelen J.49, Fausto R. S.107, Fettweis X.110, Andersen J. K.12, Mote T.209, Smeets C. J. P. P.247, Van As D., Van De Wal R. S. W.269, Romanovsky V. E., Smith S. L., Isaksen K., Shiklomanov N. I.241, Streletskiy D. A., Kholodov A. L., Christiansen H. H.59, Drozdov D. S.93, 94, Malkova G. V.184, Marchenko S. S., Jella K. B., Mudryk L., Brown R.43, Derksen C.80, Luojus K.183, Decharme B.77, Holmes R. M.147, Shiklomanov A. I.240, Suslova A., Tretiakov M., McClelland J. W.194, Spencer R. G. M.251, Tank S. E.258, Epstein H.101, Bhatt U.30, Raynolds M.225, Walker D., Forbes B.113, Phoenix G.219, Bjerke J., Tommervik H., Karlsen S. -R.159, Myneni R., Park T.212, Goetz S.124, Jia G.150, Bernhard G. H.26, Fioletov V. E.111, Grooss J. -U.127, Ialongo I., Johnsen B.153, Lakkala K.170, Manney G. L.185, 186, Mueller R., Scambos T., Stammerjohn S., Clem K. R.62, Barreira S.19, Fogt R. L.112, Colwell S.65, Keller L. M., Lazzara M. A., Reid P.226, Massom R. A.189, 190, Lieser J. L.177, 178, Meijers A., Sallee J. -B.233, Grey A., Johnson K.154, Arrigo K., Swart S.257, King B., Meredith M., Mazloff M., Scardilli A., Claus F.61, Shuman C. A.243, Kramarova N., Newman P. A., Nash E. R., Strahan S. E., Long C. S., Johnson B.155, Pitts M., Santee M. L.234, Petropavlovskikh I., Braathen G. O., Coy L.70, De Laat J.76, Bissolli P.32, Ganter C.119, Li T.176, Mekonnen A.200, Sanchez-Lugo A., Gleason K.109, Smith A., Fenimore C.109, Heim R. R., Jr.141, Nauslar N. J.210, Brown T. J.44, McEvoy D. J.195, Lareau N. P.172, Amador J. A.10, 11, Hidalgo H. G.145, 146, Alfaro E. J.4, 5, Calderon B.46, Mora N., Stephenson T. S., Taylor M. A., Trotman A. R.266, Van Meerbeeck C. J., Campbell J. D.42, Brown A.42, Spence J.250, Martinez R., Diaz E.84, Marin D., Hernandez R.144, Caceres L.45, Zambrano E., Nieto J., Marengo J. A., Espinoza J. C.102, 103, Alves L. M.9, Ronchail J.232, Lavado-Casimiro J. W., Ramos I., Davila C.71, Ramos A. M.223, Diniz F. A., Aliaga-Nestares V.6, Castro A. Y.53, Stella J. L., Aldeco L. S.3, Diaz D. A. Campos48, Misevicius N., Mekonnen A.200, Kabidi K.156, Sayouri A., Elkharrim M.100, Mostafa A. E.208, Hagos S., Feng Z.108, Ijampy J. A., Sima F.246, Francis S. D.115, Tsidu G. Mengistu201, 202, Kruger A. C.167, 168, McBride C.192, Jumaux G., Dhurmea K. R.81, Belmont M.24, Rakotoarimalala C. L.222, Labbe L., Rosner B., Benedict I.25, Van Heerwaarden C., Weerts A.276, 277, Hazeleger W.137, 138, Bissolli P.32, Trachte K.264, Zhu Z.286, Zhang P.283, Lee T. C.173, Ripaldi A.230, Mochizuki Y., Lim J. -Y179, Oyunjargal L., Timbal B.262, Srivastava A. K.252, Revadekar J. V.229, Rajeevan M.221, Shimpo A.242, Khoshkam M.161, Kazemi A. Fazl161, Zeyaeyan S., Ganter C.119, Lander M. A.171, McGree S., Tobin S., Bettio L.29
Affiliation(s) 1 : European Ctr Med Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, Berks, England.
2 : Univ Maryland, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.
3 : Serv Meteorol Nacl, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
4 : Univ Costa Rica, Ctr Geophys Res, San Jose, Costa Rica.
5 : Univ Costa Rica, Sch Phys, San Jose, Costa Rica.
6 : Serv Nacl Meteorol & Hidrol Peru, Lima, Peru.
7 : Univ Reading, Reading, Berks, England.
8 : Met Off Hadley Ctr, Exeter, Devon, England.
9 : Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Ctr Ciencias Sistema Terrestre, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
10 : Univ Costa Rica, Ctr Geophys Res, San Jose, Costa Rica.
11 : Univ Costa Rica, Sch Phys, San Jose, Costa Rica.
12 : Geol Survey Denmark & Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark.
13 : Hampton Univ, Dept Atmospher & Planetary Sci, Hampton, VA 23668 USA.
14 : NOAA, NESDIS, Natl Ctr Environm Informat Asheville, Asheville, NC 28801 USA.
15 : Univ Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
16 : Univ Gothenburg, Dept Earth Sci, Reg Climate Grp, Gothenburg, Sweden.
17 : Spanish Natl Res Council, Ctr Invest Desertificac, Moncada, Valencia, Spain.
18 : Pontificia Univ Catolica Valparaiso, Inst Geog, Valparaiso, Chile.
19 : Argentine Naval Hydrog Serv, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
20 : NOAA, NWS Climate Predict Ctr, College Pk, MD USA.
21 : Princeton Univ, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA.
22 : Deutsch Wetterdienst, Global Precipitat Climatol Ctr, Offenbach, Germany.
23 : Univ Reading, Reading, Berks, England.
24 : Seychelles Natl Meteorol Serv, Pointe Larue, Mahe, Seychelles.
25 : Wageningen Univ & Res, Meteorol & Air Qual Grp, Wageningen, Netherlands.
26 : Biospher Inc, San Diego, CA USA.
27 : European Ctr Med Range Weather Forecasts, NCAS Climate, Reading, Berks, England.
28 : Natl Oceanog Ctr, Southampton, Hants, England.
29 : Bur Meteorol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
30 : Univ Alaska, Geophys Inst, Fairbanks, AK 99701 USA.
31 : Alfred Wegener Inst Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine, Potsdam, Germany.
32 : WMO RA VI Reg Climate Ctr Network, Deutsch Westterdienst, Offenbach, Germany.
33 : NOAA, NWS Natl Hurricane Ctr, Miami, FL USA.
34 : Newcastle Univ, Sch Engn, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England.
35 : NOAA, NESDIS Natl Centers Environm Informat, Asheville, NC USA.
36 : Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Inst Phys Globe Paris, Paris, France.
37 : NASA, Global Modeling & Assimilat Off, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD USA.
38 : Sorbonne Univ, Paris, France.
39 : Geol Survey Denmark & Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark.
40 : NOAA, NESDIS Natl Cts Environm Informat, Silver Spring, MD USA.
41 : NOAA, OAR, AOML, Miami, FL USA.
42 : Univ West Indies, Dept Phys, Kingston, Jamaica.
43 : Environm & Climate Change Canada, Climate Res Div, Montreal, PQ, Canada.
44 : Desert Res Inst, Western Reg Climate Ctr, Reno, NV USA.
45 : Inst Nacl Meteorol & Hidrol Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador.
46 : Univ Costa Rica, Ctr Geophys Res, San Jose, Costa Rica.
47 : Columbia Univ, Lamont Doherty Earth Observ, Palisades, NY USA.
48 : Direcc Meteorol Chile, Santiago, Chile.
49 : Danish Meteorol Inst, Copenhagen, Denmark.
50 : Univ Reading, Dept Meteorol, Reading, Berks, England.
51 : Univ Washington, Joint Inst Study Atmosphere & Ocean, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
52 : NOAA, OAR, Pacific Marine Environm Lab, Seattle, WA USA.
53 : Serv Nacl Meteorol & Hidrol Peru, Lima, Peru.
54 : NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD USA.
55 : Univ Space Res Assoc, Columbia, MD USA.
56 : Univ S Florida, Coll Marine Sci, St Petersburg, FL 33701 USA.
57 : Nanjing Univ Informat Sci & Technol, ICAR, KLME, ILCEC,CIC,FEMD, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
58 : Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, Int Ctr Climate & Environm Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China.
59 : Univ Ctr Svalbard, Geol Dept, Longyearbyen, Norway.
60 : Univ Alabama, Huntsville, AL 35899 USA.
61 : Argentine Naval Hydrog Serv, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
62 : Rutgers State Univ, Inst Earth Ocean & Atmospher Sci, New Brunswick, NJ USA.
63 : CPTEC, INPE Ctr Weather Forecasts & Climate Studies, Cachoeira Paulista, Brazil.
64 : German Aerosp Ctr DLR Oberpfaffenhofen, Wessling, Germany.
65 : British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, England.
66 : Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
67 : NOAA, OAR Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA.
68 : NOAA, OAR Pacific Marine Environm Lab Seattle, Seattle, WA USA.
69 : Lawrence Livermore Natl Lab, Livermore, CA 94550 USA.
70 : NASA, Sci Syst & Applicat Inc, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD USA.
71 : Serv Nacl Meteorol & Hidrol Peru, Lima, Peru.
72 : Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
73 : NOAA, OAR Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA.
74 : Marine Inst, Newport, Ireland.
75 : VanderSat BV, Haarlem, Netherlands.
76 : Royal Netherlands Meteorol Inst KNMI, De Bilt, Netherlands.
77 : Ctr Natl Rech Meteorol, Toulouse, France.
78 : King Cty Water & Land Resources Div, Seattle, WA USA.
79 : Univ Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
80 : Environm & Climate Change Canada, Climate Res Div, Downsview, ON, Canada.
81 : Mauritius Meteorol Serv, Vacoas, Mauritius.
82 : Univ Illinois, Champaign, IL USA.
83 : NOAA, OAR Air Resources Lab, College Pk, MD USA.
84 : Inst Hidrol Meteorol & Estudios Ambient Colombia, Bogota, Colombia.
85 : NOAA, OAR Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA.
86 : Earth & Space Res, Seattle, WA USA.
87 : Univ Innsbruck, Res Dept Limnol Mondsee, Innsbruck, Austria.
88 : Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Earth Sci, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
89 : Univ Tasmania, Antarct Climate & Ecosyst Cooperat Res Ctr, Inst Marine & Antarct Studies, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
90 : Australian Res Council, Ctr Excellence Climate Syst Sci, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
91 : Barcelona Supercomp Ctr, Barcelona, Spain.
92 : TU Wien Vienna Univ Technol, Dept Geodesy & Geoinformat, Vienna, Austria.
93 : Earth Cryosphere Inst, Tyumen, Russia.
94 : Tyumen State Univ, Tyumen, Russia.
95 : Natl Snow & Ice Data Ctr, Boulder, CO USA.
96 : Met Off Hadley Ctr, Exeter, Devon, England.
97 : NOAA, NESDIS Natl Ctr Environm Informat, Asheville, NC USA.
98 : Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
99 : NOAA, OAR Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
100 : Direct Meteorol Natl Maroc, Rabat, Morocco.
101 : Univ Virginia, Dept Environm Sci, Clark Hall, Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA.
102 : Inst Geofis Peru, Lima, Peru.
103 : Univ Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.
104 : Univ Saskatchewan, Sch Environm & Sustainabil, Global Inst Water Secur, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
105 : Univ Saskatchewan, Dept Geog & Planning, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
106 : Univ Maryland, NOAA, Earth Syst Sci Interdisciplinary Ctr, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.
107 : Geol Survey Denmark & Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark.
108 : Pacific Northwest Natl Lab, Atmospher Sci & Global Change Div, Richland, WA 99352 USA.
109 : NOAA, NESDIS Natl Centers Environm Informat, Asheville, NC USA.
110 : Univ Liege, Liege, Belgium.
111 : Environm & Climate Change Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada.
112 : Ohio Univ, Dept Geog, Athens, OH 45701 USA.
113 : Univ Lapland, Arctic Ctr, Rovaniemi, Finland.
114 : Univ Wisconsin, Space Sci & Engn Ctr, Cooperat Inst Meteorol Satellite Studies, Madison, WI USA.
115 : Nigerian Meteorol Agcy, Natl Weather Forecasting & Climate Res Ctr, Abuja, Nigeria.
116 : NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD USA.
117 : Sci Syst & Applicat Inc, Lanham, MD USA.
118 : CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab, Pasadena, CA USA.
119 : Bur Meteorol, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
120 : Woodland Trust, Grantham, England.
121 : Fram Ctr, Norwegian Polar Inst, Tromso, Norway.
122 : Univ Calif San Diego, Scripps Inst Oceanog, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA.
123 : European Commiss, Joint Res Ctr, Knowledge Management Sustainable Dev & Food Secur, Ispra, Italy.
124 : No Arizona Univ, Sch Informat Comp & Cyber Syst, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA.
125 : NOAA, OAR, AOML Hurricane Res Div, Miami, FL USA.
126 : NOAA, OAR, AOML, Miami, FL USA.
127 : Forschungszentrum Julich, Julich, Germany.
128 : Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Heverlee, Belgium.
129 : Sci Syst & Applicat Inc, Hampton, VA USA.
130 : Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine Res, Alfred Wegener Inst, Bremerhaven, Germany.
131 : Univ Vienna, Dept Meteorol & Geophys, Vienna, Austria.
132 : Univ Lincoln, Sch Geog, Lincoln, NE USA.
133 : Univ Lincoln, Lincoln Ctr Water & Planetary Hlth, Lincoln, NE USA.
134 : Norwegian Meteorol Inst, Oslo, Norway.
135 : Univ East Anglia, NCAS, Norwich, Norfolk, England.
136 : Univ East Anglia, Sch Environm Sci, Climat Res Unit, Norwich, Norfolk, England.
137 : Netherlands eSci Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
138 : Univ Utrecht, Fac Geosci, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
139 : Nanjing Univ Informat Sci & Technol, Earth Syst Modeling Ctr, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
140 : Univ Wisconsin, NOAA, NESDIS, STAR, Madison, WI USA.
141 : NOAA, NESDIS, Natl Centers Environm Informat, Asheville, NC USA.
142 : Univ Birmingham, Birmingham Inst Forest Res, Birmingham, W Midlands, England.
143 : Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine Res, Alfred Wegener Inst, Bremerhaven, Germany.
144 : Inst Nacl Meteorol & Hidrol Venezuela INAMEH, Caracas, Venezuela.
145 : Univ Costa Rica, Ctr Geophys Res, San Jose, Costa Rica.
146 : Univ Costa Rica, Sch Phys, San Jose, Costa Rica.
147 : Woods Hole Res Ctr, Falmouth, MA USA.
148 : Japan Meteorol Agcy, Meteorol Res Inst, Climate Res Dept, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
149 : USACE, Erdc, Cold Regions Res & Engn Lab, Hanover, NH USA.
150 : Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, Beijing, Peoples R China.
151 : Estellus, Paris, France.
152 : Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
153 : Norwegian Radiat & Nucl Safety, Osteras, Norway.
154 : Monterey Bay Aquarium Res Inst, Moss Landing, CA USA.
155 : Univ Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
156 : Direct Meteorol Natl Maroc, Rabat, Morocco.
157 : Max Planck Inst Chem, Mainz, Germany.
158 : Deutsch Wetterdienst, Offenbach, Germany.
159 : Norut Northern Res Inst, Tromso, Norway.
160 : NASA, Langley Res Ctr, Hampton, VA 23665 USA.
161 : Islamic Republ Iranian Meteorol Org, Tehran, Iran.
162 : Earth Observat Data Ctr Water Resources Monitorin, Vienna, Austria.
163 : Univ Tokyo, Inst Ind Sci, Tokyo, Japan.
164 : Korea Polar Res Inst, Incheon, South Korea.
165 : Colorado State Univ, Dept Atmospher Sci, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA.
166 : Freshwater Ctr Finnish Environm Inst SYKE, Helsinki, Finland.
167 : Univ Pretoria, South African Weather Serv, Pretoria, South Africa.
168 : Univ Pretoria, Dept Geog Geoinformat & Meteorol, Pretoria, South Africa.
169 : Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine Res, Alfred Wegener Inst, Bremerhaven, Germany.
170 : Arctic Res Ctr, Finnish Meteorol Inst, Sodankyla, Finland.
171 : Univ Guam, Mangilao, GU USA.
172 : Univ Nevada, Dept Phys, Reno, NV 89557 USA.
173 : Hong Kong Observ, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
174 : NASA, Hydrol Sci Lab, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD USA.
175 : Univ Maryland, Earth Syst Sci Interdisciplinary Ctr, College Pk, MD USA.
176 : Univ Hawaii, Dept Atmospher Sci, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.
177 : Univ Tasmania, Antarct Climate & Ecosystems Cooperat Res Ctr, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
178 : Univ Tasmania, Inst Marine & Antarct Studies, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
179 : Korea Meteorol Adm, Climate Predict Div, Seoul, South Korea.
180 : Natl Taiwan Univ, Taipei, Taiwan.
181 : Natl Inst Water & Atmospher Res Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand.
182 : German Aerosp Ctr DLR Oberpfaffenhofen, Wessling, Germany.
183 : Finnish Meteorol Inst, Helsinki, Finland.
184 : Tyumen Sci Ctr, Earth Cryosphere Inst, Tyumen, Russia.
185 : NorthWest Res Associates, Socorro, NM USA.
186 : New Mexico Inst Min & Technol, Socorro, NM 87801 USA.
187 : NASA, GSFC, Global Modeling & Assimilat, Greenbelt, MD USA.
188 : Nicolaus Copernicus Univ, Dept Hydrol & Water Management, Torun, Poland.
189 : Univ Tasmania, Australian Antarctic Div, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
190 : Univ Tasmania, Antarctic Climate & Ecosyst Cooperat Res Ctr, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
191 : Ctr Ecol & Hydrol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
192 : South African Weather Serv, Pretoria, South Africa.
193 : King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol, Div Biol & Environm Sci & Engn, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.
194 : Univ Texas Austin, Inst Marine Sci, Port Aransas, TX USA.
195 : Desert Res Inst, Western Reg Climate Ctr, Reno, NV USA.
196 : CSIRO Land & Water, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
197 : Australian Res Council, Ctr Excellence Climate Extremes, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
198 : Remote Sensing Syst, Santa Rosa, CA USA.
199 : Univ Colorado, Natl Snow & Ice Data Ctr, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
200 : North Carolina A&T State Univ, Dept Phys, Greensboro, NC USA.
201 : Botswana Int Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Palapye, Botswana.
202 : Addis Ababa Univ, Dept Phys, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
203 : Univ Wisconsin, Space Sci & Engn Ctr, Madison, WI USA.
204 : Univ Reading, Dept Meteorol, Reading, Berks, England.
205 : Univ Reading, Natl Ctr Earth Observat, Reading, Berks, England.
206 : CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
207 : NOAA, OAR, Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA.
208 : Egyptian Meteorol Author, Cairo Numer Weather Predict, Dept Seasonal Forecast & Climate Res, Cairo, Egypt.
209 : Univ Georgia, Dept Geog, Athens, GA 30602 USA.
210 : NOAA, NWS, NCEP Storm Predict Ctr, Norman, OK USA.
211 : WSL Inst Snow & Avalanche Res SLF, Davos, Switzerland.
212 : Boston Univ, Dept Earth & Environm, Boston, MA 02215 USA.
213 : Ontario Minist Environm & Climate Change, Dorset Environm Sci Ctr, Dorset, ON, Canada.
214 : Nichols Coll, Dudley, MA USA.
215 : Dartmouth Coll, Thayer Sch Engn, Hanover, NH 03755 USA.
216 : Greater Wellington Reg Council, Wellington, New Zealand.
217 : Univ Wisconsin, Dept Atmospher & Ocean Sci, Madison, WI USA.
218 : Environm & Climate Change Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada.
219 : Univ Sheffield, Dept Anim & Plant Sci, Sheffield, S Yorkshire, England.
220 : Joint Res Ctr, European Commiss, Ispra, Italy.
221 : Minist Earth Sci, Earth Syst Sci Org, New Delhi, India.
222 : Madagascar Meteorol Serv, Antananarivo, Madagascar.
223 : Inst Nacl Meteorol, Brasilia, DF, Brazil.
224 : Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, POB 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 USA.
225 : Univ Alaska Fairbanks, Inst Arctic Biol, Fairbanks, AK USA.
226 : Antarctic Climate & Ecosyst Cooperat Res Ctr, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
227 : Earth Observat Data Ctr Water Resources Monitorin, Vienna, Austria.
228 : UPMC, CNRS, Inst Pierre Simon Laplace, Paris, France.
229 : Indian Inst Trop Meteorol, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
230 : BMKG, Ctr Climate Change Informat, Climate Variabil Div, Jakarta, Indonesia.
231 : Rutgers State Univ, Dept Geog, Piscataway, NJ USA.
232 : Univ Paris Diderot, Lab LOCEAN IPSL, Paris, France.
233 : Univ Paris, Sorbonne Univ, UPMC, LOCEAN IPSL, Paris, France.
234 : CALTECH, NASA, Jet Prop Lab, Pasadena, CA USA.
235 : Univ Calif Davis, Tahoe Environm Res Ctr, Davis, CA 95616 USA.
236 : Swiss Fed Inst Aquat Sci & Technol, Eawag, Kastanienbaum, Switzerland.
237 : Inst Geog Alpine, Grenoble, France.
238 : North Carolina State Univ, CICS NC, Asheville, NC USA.
239 : NASA, Univ Space Res Assoc, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD USA.
240 : Univ New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 USA.
241 : George Washington Univ, Dept Geog, Washington, DC USA.
242 : Japan Meteorol Agcy, Tokyo Climate Ctr, Tokyo, Japan.
243 : UMBC, JET, NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Code 615, Greenbelt, MD USA.
244 : Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Earth Res Inst, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA.
245 : Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Dept Geog, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA.
246 : Dept Water Resources, Div Meteorol, Banjul, Gambia.
247 : Univ Utrecht, Inst Marine & Atmospher Res Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands.
248 : FMI, Helsinki, Finland.
249 : Poznan Univ Life Sci, Poznan, Poland.
250 : Meteorol Serv, Kingston, Jamaica.
251 : Florida State Univ, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA.
252 : Indian Meteorol Dept, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
253 : NOAA, Pacific Marine Environm Lab, 7600 Sand Point Way Ne, Seattle, WA 98115 USA.
254 : Deutsch Wetterdienst DWD, Hohenpeissenberg, Germany.
255 : Deutsch Wetterdienst, Offenbach, Germany.
256 : Florida Commercial Watermens Conservat, Matlacha, FL USA.
257 : Univ Cape Town, Dept Oceanog, Rondebosch, South Africa.
258 : Univ Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
259 : Columbia Univ, Lamont Doherty Earth Observ, Palisades, NY USA.
260 : Ctr Ecol & Hydrol, Lancaster, England.
261 : Univ Hawaii, Joint Inst Marine & Atmospher Res, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.
262 : Singapore Meteorol Serv, Ctr Climate Res, Singapore, Singapore.
263 : Yale Univ, New Haven, CT USA.
264 : Univ Marburg, Fac Geog, Lab Climatol & Remote Sensing, Marburg, Germany.
265 : Univ Santiago de Compostela, Technol Res Inst, Lab Syst, Campus Univ Sur, Santiago De Compostela, Spain.
266 : Caribbean Inst Meteorol & Hydrol, Bridgetown, Barbados.
267 : Univ Colorado, Aerosp Engn Sci, Boulder, CO USA.
268 : Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, C3WE, Boulder, CO USA.
269 : Univ Utrecht, Phys Geog, Geosci, Utrecht, Netherlands.
270 : Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Fac Earth & Life Sci, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
271 : Univ Lisbon, CEG IGOT, Lisbon, Portugal.
272 : Univ Hawaii, Dept Atmospher Sci, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.
273 : Univ Hawaii, IPRC, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.
274 : Univ Calif Davis, Tahoe Environm Res Ctr, Davis, CA 95616 USA.
275 : Univ Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
276 : Deltares, Delft, Netherlands.
277 : Wageningen Univ & Res, Hydrol & Quantitat Water Management Grp, Wageningen, Netherlands.
278 : Uppsala Univ, Dept Ecol & Genet Limnol, Uppsala, Sweden.
279 : Univ Maryland, ESSIC, College Pk, MD 20742 USA.
280 : Princeton Univ, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA.
281 : Dundalk Inst Technol, Dundalk, Ireland.
282 : ERT Inc, NOAA, NESDIS, Natl Centers Environm Informat, Asheville, NC USA.
283 : Beijing Climate Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China.
284 : Cold & Arid Regions Environm & Engn Res Inst, Lanzhou, Gansu, Peoples R China.
285 : NOAA, Ctr Satellite Applicat & Res, College Pk, MD USA.
286 : Nanjing Univ Informat Sci & Technol, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
287 : Morgan State Univ, Goddard Earth Sci Technol & Res, Baltimore, MD 21239 USA.
288 : Deutsch Wetterdienst, Global Precipitat Climatol Ctr, Offenbach, Germany.
Source Bulletin Of The American Meteorological Society (0003-0007) (Amer Meteorological Soc), 2019-09 , Vol. 100 , N. 9 , P. S1-U24
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Arndt D. S., Blunden J., Dunn R. J. H., Stanitski D. M., Gobron N., Willett K. M., Sanchez-Lugo A., Berrisford P., Morice C., Nicolas Jp, Carrea L., Woolway R. I., Merchant C. J., Dokulil M. T., De Eyto E., Degasperi C. L., Korhonen J., Marszelewski W., May L., Paterson A. M., Rusak J. A., Schladow S. G., Schmid M., Verburg P., Watanabe S., Weyhenmeyer G. A., King A. D., Donat M. G., Christy J. R., Po-Chedley S., Mears C. R., Haimberger L., Covey C., Randel W., Noetzli J., Biskaborn B. K., Christiansen H. H., Isaksen K., Schoeneich P., Smith S., Vieira G., Zhao L., Streletskiy D. A., Robinson D. A., Pelto M., Berry D. I., Bosilovich M. G., Simmons A. J., Mears C., Ho S. P., Bock O., Zhou X., Nicolas J, Vose R. S., Adler R., Gu G., Becker A., Yin X, Tye M. R., Blenkinsop S., Bosilovich M. G., Durre I., Ziese M., Collow A. B. Marquardt, Rustemeier E., Foster M. J., Di Girolamo L., Frey R. A., Heidinger A. K., Sun-Mack S., Phillips C., Menzel W. 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